English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88987/118697 (75%)
Visitors : 23573456      Online Users : 248
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/122777
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/122777


    Title: 企業如何打動員工的心?組織誘因構念與測量工具之發展
    How to Attract Employees? Construct and Measurement Tools Development of Organizational Inducements
    Authors: 蔡懷文
    Tsai, Huai-Wen
    Contributors: 郭建志
    Kuo, Chien-Chih
    蔡懷文
    Tsai, Huai-Wen
    Keywords: 組織誘因
    構念發展
    需求滿足
    量表發展
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 14:49:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「組織誘因」一直以來都是受到關注的議題,企業關心如何設計酬賞與福利機制才能吸引或留住員工的心,研究者們則探究組織誘因如何透過心理機制連結組織與員工的關係。隨著組織誘因不斷地被提及,其所指涉的內容也越來越多,然而,這卻造成組織誘因的實際範疇及構念逐漸模糊。本研究回顧及整合組織誘因的學術研究內容,確立組織誘因的四種特性:僅牽涉組織與員工雙方(特定性)、由組織向員工提供(方向性)、員工需達成某些條件或滿足某些協議(交換性)、能滿足員工的需求(期待性)。以這四種特性為基礎,本研究進一步建立組織誘因的構念定義:「在組織與員工的關係中(特定性),組織為了維持員工的動機(方向性),使其展現符合組織期待的態度與行為(交換性),組織所給予的各種有形或無形的有價值成果 (期待性)」。接著,本研究進一步論述「期待性」中組織誘因對員工的影響機制,說明組織誘因之所以對員工而言具有價值,乃因為其能滿足員工的基本心理需求。最後,本研究透過三個子研究,依序以13篇相關文獻及113位大學學生樣本(研究一)、630位台灣正職員工樣本(研究二)、201位台灣正職員工樣本(研究三),陸續完成題目發展及內容效度檢核(研究一)、探索式及驗證式因素分析(研究二)、效標關聯效度檢核(研究三),最終發展13題組織誘因量表,為組織誘因構念建立統一的測量工具。
    Reference: 梁建、樊景立(2008)。〈理論構念的測量〉。《組織與管理研究的實證方法》。
    黃敏萍、林姿葶、鄭伯壎、梁瑋鈞(2012)。《華人企業組織中的魅力領導:由概念分析到量表建構》。《管理學報》,29(4),頁307-331。
    https://doi.org/10.6504/JOM.2012.29.04.01
    臺北市政府勞動局(2013)。〈2013臺北市幸福企業專刊〉。
    Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1991). Predicting the performance of measures in a confirmatory factor analysis with a pretest assessment of their substantive validities. Journal of applied psychology, 76(5), 732.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.76.5.732
    Baumeister, R., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497
    Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sage focus editions, 154, 136-136. Doi: N/A
    Brown, M. E., Treviño, L. K., & Harrison, D. A. (2005). Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 97(2), 117-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2005.03.002
    Cattell, R. B. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1, 245-276. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr0102_10
    Coyle‐Shapiro, J., & Kessler, I. (2000). Consequences of the psychological contract for the employment relationship: A large scale survey. Journal of management studies, 37(7), 903-930. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00210
    Cronbach, L. J., & Meehl, P. E. (1955). Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological bulletin, 52(4), 281-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0040957
    deCharms, R. (1968). Personal causation. New York: Academic Press. Doi: N/A.
    Deci, E. L. (1975). Intrinsic motivation. New York: Plenum. Doi: N/A.
    Deci, E. L., Koestner, R., & Ryan, R. M. (1999). A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 627-668. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.125.6.627
    Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum. Doi: N/A.
    Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The" what" and" why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
    Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2002). Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic dialectical perspective. Handbook of self-determination research, 3-33. Doi: N/A.
    Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2008). Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health. Canadian psychology / Psychologie canadienne,
    49(3), 182-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012801
    Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., Gagné, M., Leone, D. R., Usunov, J., & Kornazheva, B. P. (2001). Need satisfaction, motivation, and well-being in the work organizations of a former eastern bloc country: A cross-cultural study of self-determination. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 27(8), 930-942. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167201278002
    De Vos, A., Buyens, D., & Schalk, R. (2003). Psychological contract development during organizational socialization: Adaptation to reality and the role of reciprocity. Journal of organizational behavior, 24(5), 537-559. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.205
    Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of personality assessment, 49(1), 71-75.
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
    Dillman, D. A. (2000). Mail and Internet surveys: The tailored design method (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley. Doi: N/A.
    Djurdjevic, E., Stoverink, A. C., Klotz, A. C., Koopman, J., da Motta Veiga, S. P., Yam, K. C., & Chiang, J. T. J. (2017). Workplace status: The development and validation of a scale. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(7), 1124-1147. https://doi.org/10.1037/apl0000202
    Ferris, D. L., Brown, D. J., Berry, J. W., & Lian, H. (2008). The development and validation of the Workplace Ostracism Scale. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(6), 1348-1366. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0012743
    Ford, J. K., MacCallum, R. C., & Tait, M. (1986). The application of exploratory factor analysis in applied psychology: A critical review and analysis. Personnel psychology, 39(2), 291-314. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1986.tb00583.x
    Freese, C., & Schalk, R. (1996). Implications of differences in psychological contracts for human resource management. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5(4), 501-509. https://doi.org/10.1080/13594329608414875
    George, E., Chattopadhyay, P., & Ng, C. K. (2016). The relationship between workgroup blending and perceived organizational inducements: The mediating roles of tasks and relationships. Australian Journal of Management, 41(3), 538-562.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0312896215595680
    Gerbing, D. W., & Anderson, J. C. (1988). An updated paradigm for scale development incorporating unidimensionality and its assessment. Journal of marketing research, 186-192. https://doi.org/10.2307/3172650
    Guadagnoli, E., & Velicer, W. F. (1988). Relation of sample size to the stability of component patterns. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 265-275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.103.2.265
    Harter, S. (1978). Effectance motivation reconsidered: Toward a developmental model. Human Development, 1, 661-669. https://doi.org/10.1159/000271574
    Haynes, S. N., Richard, D., & Kubany, E. S. (1995). Content validity in psychological assessment: a functional approach to concepts and methods. Psychological assessment, 7(3), 238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.7.3.238
    Herriot, P., Manning, W. E. G., & Kidd, J. M. (1997). The content of the psychological contract. British Journal of management, 8(2), 151-162. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.0047
    Hinkin, T. R. (1985). Development and application of new social power measures in superior-subordinate relationships (Doctoral dissertation, University of Florida). Doi: N/A.
    Hinkin, T. R. (1998). A brief tutorial on the development of measures for use in survey questionnaires. Organizational research methods, 1(1), 104-121.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/109442819800100106
    Hinkin, T. R., & Tracey, J. B. (1999). An analysis of variance approach to content validation. Organizational Research Methods, 2(2), 175-186.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/109442819922004
    Hom, P. W., Tsui, A. S., Wu, J. B., Lee, T. W., Zhang, A. Y., Fu, P. P., & Li, L. (2009). Explaining employment relationships with social exchange and job embeddedness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(2), 277-297.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013453
    Hui, C., Lee, C., & Wang, H. (2015). Organizational inducements and employee citizenship behavior: The mediating role of perceived insider status and the moderating role of collectivism. Human Resource Management, 54(3), 439-456. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.21620
    Jowett, G. E., Hill, A. P., Hall, H. K., & Curran, T. (2016). Perfectionism, burnout and engagement in youth sport: The mediating role of basic psychological needs. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 18-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.001
    Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of management journal, 33(4), 692-724. https://doi.org/10.5465/256287
    Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.). (1999). Well-being: Foundations of hedonic psychology. Russell Sage Foundation. Doi: N/A.
    Kickul, J., & Lester, S. W. (2001). Broken promises: Equity sensitivity as a moderator between psychological contract breach and employee attitudes and behavior. Journal of business and psychology, 16(2), 191-217. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011105132252
    Kotter, J. P. (1973). The psychological contract: Managing the joining-up process. California management review, 15(3), 91-99. https://doi.org/10.2307/41164442
    Krzystofiak, F., Cardy, R. L., & Newman, J. (1988). Implicit personality and performance appraisal: The influence of trait inferences on evaluation behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 515-521. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.73.3.515
    Lambert, L. S. (2011). Promised and delivered inducements and contributions: an integrated view of psychological contract appraisal. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(4), 695-712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0021692
    Lee, C., Liu, J., Rousseau, D. M., Hui, C., & Chen, Z. X. (2011). Inducements, contributions, and fulfillment in new employee psychological contracts. Human Resource Management, 50(2), 201-226. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.20415
    MacKenzie, S. B., Podsakoff, P. M., & Fetter, R. (1991). Organizational citizenship behavior and objective productivity as determinants of managerial evaluations of salespersons' performance. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 50(1), 123-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90037-T
    March, J. G., & Simon, H. A. (1958). Organizations. Doi: N/A.
    Nikolaou, I., Tomprou, M., & Vakola, M. (2007). Individuals' inducements and the role of personality: implications for psychological contracts. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(7), 649-663. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940710820082
    Nunnally, J. C. (1976). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of applied psychology, 88(5), 879.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.88.5.879
    Porter, L. W., Pearce, J. L., Tripoli, A. M., & Lewis, K. M. (1998). Differential perceptions of employers' inducements: Implications for psychological contracts. Journal of organizational behavior, 19(S1), 769-782.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(1998)19:1+<769::AID-JOB968>3.0.CO;2-1
    Reis, H. T. (1994). Domains of experience: Investigating relationship processes from three perspectives. Theoretical frameworks for personal relationships, 87-110. Doi: N/A.
    Reis, H. T., Sheldon, K. M., Gable, S. L., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). Daily well-being: The role of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 26(4), 419-435. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167200266002
    Robinson, S. L., Kraatz, M. S., & Rousseau, D. M. (1994). Changing obligations and the psychological contract: A longitudinal study. Academy of management Journal, 37(1), 137-152. https://doi.org/10.5465/256773
    Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. (2013). Organizational behavior. Pearson. Doi: N/A.
    Rousseau, D. M. (1990). New hire perceptions of their own and their employer's obligations: A study of psychological contracts. Journal of organizational behavior, 11(5), 389-400. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030110506. Doi: N/A.
    Rousseau, D. M. (2000). Psychological contract inventory technical report. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University. Doi: N/A.
    Rummel, R. J. (1970). Applied factor analysis. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. Doi: N/A.
    Ryan, R. M., & Connell, J. P. (1989). Perceived locus of causality and internalization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 749- 761.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.5.749
    Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality edward l., deci and. Perspectives on motivation, 38(237), 237-288.
    Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American psychologist, 55(1), 68-78. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68
    Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual review of psychology, 52(1), 141-166. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141
    Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2008). From ego-depletion to vitality: Theory and findings concerning the facilitation of energy available to the self. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 702–717. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00098.x
    Ryan, R. M., & Frederick, C. (1997). On energy, personality, and health: Subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well‐being. Journal of personality, 65(3), 529-565. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1997.tb00326.x
    Ryan, R. M., & Grolnick, W. S. (1986). Origins and pawns in the classroom: Self-report and projective assessments of individual differences in children's perceptions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5(2). 550-558.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.550
    Ryan, R. M., Kuhl, J., & Deci, E. L. (1997). Nature and autonomy: Organizational view of social and neurobiological aspects of self-regulation in behavior and development. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 701-728.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579497001405
    Ryan, R. M., Sheldon, K. M., Kasser, T., & Deci, E. L. (1996). All goals are not created equal: An organismic perspective on the nature of goals and their regulation. Doi: N/A.
    Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (1998). The contours of positive human health. Psychological inquiry, 9(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0901_1
    Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., González-Romá, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness studies, 3(1), 71-92.
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015630930326
    Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Rawsthorne, L., & Ilardi, B. (1997). Trait self and true self: Cross-role variation in the Big Five traits and its relations with authenticity and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1380-1393.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.73.6.1380
    Schreurs, B., van Emmerik, I. J., Van den Broeck, A., & Guenter, H. (2014). Work values and work engagement within teams: The mediating role of need satisfaction. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 18(4), 267-281.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/gdn0000009
    Schriesheim, C. A., & Hinkin, T. R. (1990). Influence tactics used by subordinates: A theoretical and empirical analysis and refinement of the Kipnis, Schmidt, and Wilkinson subscales. Journal of applied psychology, 75(3), 246.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.75.3.246
    Schriesheim, C. A., Powers, K. J., Scandura, T. A., Gardiner, C. C., & Lankau, M. J. (1993). Improving construct measurement in management research: Comments and a quantitative approach for assessing the theoretical content adequacy of paper-and-pencil survey-type instruments. Journal of Management, 19(2), 385-417.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639301900208
    Schwab, D. P. (1980). Construct validity in organizational behavior. Research in organizational behavior, 2(1), 3-43. Doi: N/A.
    Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R., & Reis, H. T. (1996). What makes for a good day? Competence and autonomy in the day and in the person. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 22(12), 1270-1279. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672962212007
    Shin, J., Taylor, M. S., & Seo, M. G. (2012). Resources for change: The relationships of organizational inducements and psychological resilience to employees' attitudes and behaviors toward organizational change. Academy of Management Journal, 55(3), 727-748. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.0325
    Stone, E. (1978). Research methods in organizational behavior. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman. Doi: N/A.
    Tsui, A. S., Pearce, J. L., Porter, L. W., & Tripoli, A. M. (1997). Alternative approaches to the employee-organization relationship: Does investment in employees pay off? Academy of Management journal, 40(5), 1089-1121. https://doi.org/10.5465/256928
    Vallerand, R. J. (1997). Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In Advances in experimental social psychology, 29, 271-360.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60019-2
    Vansteenkiste, M., Neyrinck, B., Niemiec, C. P., Soenens, B., Witte, H., & Broeck, A. (2007). On the relations among work value orientations, psychological need satisfaction and job outcomes: A self‐determination theory approach. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 80(2), 251-277. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317906X111024
    Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B. J., Gardner, W. L., Wernsing, T. S., & Peterson, S. J. (2008). Authentic leadership: Development and validation of a theory-based measure. Journal of management, 34(1), 89-126. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206307308913
    Wang, D., Tsui, A. S., Zhang, Y., & Ma, L. (2003). Employment relationships and firm performance: Evidence from an emerging economy. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 24(5), 511-535. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.213
    White, R. W. (1963). Ego and reality in psychoanalytic theory. New York: International Universities Press. Doi: N/A.
    Yousaf, A., Yang, H., & Sanders, K. (2015). Effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on task and contextual performance of Pakistani professionals: the mediating role of commitment foci. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30(2), 133-150.
    https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-09-2012-0277
    Zhao, H. A. O., Wayne, S. J., Glibkowski, B. C., & Bravo, J. (2007). The impact of psychological contract breach on work‐related outcomes: a meta‐analysis. Personnel psychology, 60(3), 647-680. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00087.x
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    105752023
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105752023
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.PSY.002.2019.C01
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    202301.pdf1620KbAdobe PDF56View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback