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    Title: 臺灣圖書資訊學門學者對同儕評閱之認知與態度
    The Acknowledgement and Attitudes of Open Peer Review amongst Library Information Researchers in Taiwan
    Authors: 張桓瑄
    Chang, Huan-Hsuan
    Contributors: 邱炯友
    Chiu, Jeong-Yeou
    張桓瑄
    Chang, Huan-Hsuan
    Keywords: 開放近用
    同儕評閱
    開放式同儕評閱
    出版後同儕評閱
    Open access
    Peer review
    Open peer review
    Post-publication peer review
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 14:47:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 同儕評閱為學術期刊對於研究品質把關的重要決策機制,自二戰後在學術期刊普遍採用至今,同儕評閱制度的模式仍不斷地被討論與提出創新作為。開放式同儕評閱制度,主張將期刊從投稿至評閱過程透明化,向投稿者、讀者分享更加詳細的期刊資訊,改善同儕評閱制度中的「黑箱」問題。本研究透過文獻蒐集與整理,瞭解同儕評閱制度的發展,開放式同儕評閱制度特點與應用。再以問卷調查及深度訪談法,調查台灣圖書資訊領域學者及學術期刊主編,分析其對於同儕評閱制度之認知與圖書資訊學期刊之現況,進而探討未來可能導入開放式同儕評閱制度的可行性,及未來改善學術期刊提供參考。

    本研究結論如下:1. 台灣圖書資訊學術期刊經營上遭遇許多限制,囿於人力編制、資金的限制,未能全面採用線上投審稿系統及採用學術傳播工具(如:DOI、ORCID)。2.目前台灣圖書資訊學門期刊實施同儕評閱制度認為雖有改善空間,但整體上為滿意。3.開放式同儕評閱制度目前未有明確定義,但主要是出版後評閱制度模式為主,為改善傳統單/雙盲評閱模式的不透明缺點,主張開放同儕評閱制度之評論與相關資訊及重視評閱者貢獻等。3.經問卷及訪談調查,目前台灣圖書資訊學者及期刊主編,對於開放式評閱制度認識不深,對於完全公開評閱意見及評閱者背景資料持保留態度,但對於開放式同儕評閱重視評閱者貢獻的這一項特點表示肯定。

    最後,本研究針對學術期刊有下列四點建議:1.檢視學術期刊整體狀態,加速線上投審稿系統的導入,將有助於期刊運作的效率。2.學術期刊結合學術傳播工具,並重視評閱者的貢獻。3.研究機構對於學術期刊的重視與資金的挹注。4.導入開放式同儕評閱制度需要學術社群之間不斷溝通與共識的建立。
    The Open Peer Review system advocates the process to be more transparent in order to share more details of journal information to contributors and readers, and also to improve the "black box" problem. This research first reviews literature concerning the development of the Peer Review system, features and applications. The methods to carry out this research were based on in-depth interviewing and questionnaire to investigate the current knowledge and attitudes of the Peer Review system and the status of the library information journals, and then to analyze the feasibility of introducing the open peer review system in the future, and to serve as reference for academic journals to further develop the strategies and marketing orientation.

    The conclusions are as follows: (a) Library Information academic journals in Taiwan have encountered many restrictions. Due to human resources and financial constraints, they could not fully adopt the online review system and academic communication tools (such as DOI and ORCID). (b) Currently, the Peer Review system of Library and information journals in Taiwan consider that although there is space remaining to be improved, it is generally satisfactory. (c) The open peer review system is not clearly defined, and mainly based on the Post-Publication Peer Review system (PPPR) model. In order to improve the disadvantage of non-transparent of the traditional single/double-blind Peer Review model, it advocates comments and related information on the Open Peer Review system, and pay more attention to the contributions of reviewers. (d)The Library and Information researchers and journal editors in Taiwan still havenot acknowledged the Open Review system. Most of them are conservative about the fully public review comments and reviewers' backgrounds, but they are affirmative to the characteristics of reviewers’ contributions.

    This research sums up four suggestions for academic journals: (a)Reviewing the overall status of academic journals and accelerating the introduction of online submission review systems will benefit the efficiency of journal operations. (b)Academic journals should combine academic communication tools with the contributions of reviewers. (c) It’s critical for Research institutions to pay more attention to academic journals and to sustain funding. (d) The introduction of an Open Peer Review system requires constant communication and consensus building among academic communities.
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    二、英文
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    圖書資訊與檔案學研究所
    103155010
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103155010
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.LIAS.002.2019.A01
    Appears in Collections:[圖書資訊與檔案學研究所] 學位論文

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