Emotion regulation has been considered a vital mechanism for psychological and physical health. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) was originally developed by Gross and John to measure the emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Given the practical importance of functional emotion regulation for psychological assessment in the Taiwanese cultural context, this study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the ERQ in a sample of 909 Taiwanese college students. Results showed that the independent two-factor measurement model was an adequate representation of the structure of the Chinese-ERQ. Reliability and criterion validity of the Chinese-ERQ were also demonstrated. The scalar invariant model across genders was supported and male students reported using suppression to a greater degree than female students. Overall, the Chinese-ERQ is a valuable tool for assessing emotion regulation strategies in research and practice in clinical psychology. Practical implications and future research directions are discussed.