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    題名: 內部資本市場的三篇論文 : 以美國產險業為例
    Three Essays on Internal Capital Markets: Evidence from the U.S. Non-Life Insurance Industry
    作者: 蕭景元
    Hsiao, Ching-Yuan
    貢獻者: 許永明
    Shiu, Yung-Ming
    蕭景元
    Hsiao, Ching-Yuan
    關鍵詞: Internal capital markets
    Intra-group reinsurance
    Risk-bearing capacity
    Capital
    Risk-taking
    Capital structure
    Capital adjustment channels
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-11-23 16:17:43 (UTC+8)
    摘要: This dissertation consists of three essays and focuses on intra-group reinsurance arrangements as the main internal capital markets activities in the U.S. non-life insurance industry from the period of 1999 to 2016. In essay 1, by employing the regression model of Cragg (1971) to analyze the determinants of internal reinsurance provision and receipt, we document the following results. First, internal reinsurance provision is positively related to external reinsurance, investment risk, and profitability, suggesting that they are the capacity sources to support the provision internal reinsurance. In contrast, these variables negatively affect internal reinsurance receipt. Second, we discover the inverse-U patterns regarding the effects of external reinsurance and investment risk on internal reinsurance provision, which may indicate that these internal reinsurance providers tend to curtail internal reinsurance provision to avoid posing excessive counterparty risk on the recipients of internal reinsurance. Moreover, we also find such non-linear effects of underwriting risk variables on internal reinsurance receipt, which indicate that the recipients tend to avoid transferring excessive underwriting risk to the providers.

    In essay 2, we analyze the relations among intra-group reinsurance, capital, and risk, and document the following results. First, the insurers whose intra-group reinsurance participation status are converted to providers are associated with the decrease in capital ratio. Such result s may be driven by the substitution effect of an increase in the income streams from internal reinsurance transactions on capital financing. Second, we find a positive effect of capital ratio on internal reinsurance provision, which suggests that the provision of internal reinsurance is supported by capital. On the contrary, internal reinsurance receipt and capital are negatively interrelated, suggesting that they are substitutes. Moreover, we find a positive relation between internal reinsurance receipt and investment risk, which may imply that internal reinsurance could be utilized for allocating risk among investment and underwriting activities.

    In essay 3, we analyze how insurers adjust their capital structure and document the following results. First, the deviation from target leverage positively affects the funds received via internal capital transfer for both internal reinsurance providers and recipients. Such relation does not exist for the insurers without intra-group reinsurance participation. Our results may indicate that the insurers with the economic connections created by intra-group reinsurance are more likely to receive supports when they are undercapitalized. In addition, some results indicate that the negative effect of target leverage deviation on premiums growth is weaker for recipients, which may be caused by the offsetting effect of the capacity supplement via internal reinsurance.
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    Chapter 2:
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    Almeida, H., C. Kim, and H. B. Kim (2015). “Internal Capital Markets in Business Groups: Evidence from the Asian Financial Crisis”, Journal of Finance, 70: 2539-2586.
    Baranoff, E.G. and T.W. Sager (2002). “The Relations among Asset Risk, Product Risk and Capital in the Life Insurance Industry”, Journal of Banking and Finance, 26(6): 1181-97.
    Baranoff, E.G. and T.W. Sager (2003). “The Relations Among Organizational and Distribution Forms and Capital and Asset Risk Structures in the Life Insurance Industry”, Journal of Risk and Insurance, 70(3): 375-400.
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    Chapter 3:
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    描述: 博士
    國立政治大學
    風險管理與保險學系
    1013585033
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1013585033
    資料類型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/DIS.NCCU.RMI.002.2018.F08
    顯示於類別:[風險管理與保險學系 ] 學位論文

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