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    Title: 日露戦後における北方政策の可能性とその挫折―北海道内の北海道・樺太合併論を通じて―
    Authors: 楊素霞
    Contributors: 日文系
    Keywords: Advocacy of Administrative Union;Northern Frontier Policy;First Phrase of Colonial Plan;of Hokkaido;Administrative and Fiscal Reforms;Karahuto Prefecture
    合併論;北方政策;「北海道第一期拓殖計画」;行財政整理;樺太庁
    Date: 2018-03
    Issue Date: 2018-08-28 10:38:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Following the Russo-Japanese War, the northern frontier policy was actively debated in Japan. Some in Hokkaido advocated a policy of administrative union between Hokkaido and Karahuto, as a way of setting the frontier policy that could also address fiscal difficulties by economizing on administrative expenses. Advocacy of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union persisted until the mid-1910s. This paper examines aims of this advocacy by groups in Hokkaido, and the response of the Karahuto Prefecture to the proposal by the Cabinet of an administrative and fiscal union of the two prefectures. Through this investigation, this paper delineates the possibilities for Japan’s northern frontier policy in the post-Russo-Japanese War period, and the reasons why these possibilities failed to materialize. The initial advocates of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union, shortly after the Russo-Japanese War, were the Hokkaido members of the Seiyūkai. Later on, from 1910 to 1913, Hokkaido members of the Central Club joined the Seiyūkai in advocating the union. Their aim was to secure the fiscal resources needed to implement the ‘First Phase of Colonial Plan of Hokkaido’ (1910-27) for promoting colonial development within the prefecture. Yet, the union was never realized. It was doomed by the passive response of the Hokkaido Prefecture Government, and by opposition from both the central government and from Karahuto Prefecture. In particular, when the Cabinet first proposed the union plan in 1912 as a way to reduce government expenses, the Karahuto Prefecture stood firmly against it, exercising control of the overall executive power and of the special accounting system. During the First World War, when Japan’s state finances improved, advocacy of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union disappeared temporarily. It re-appeared in themidst of the administrative and fiscal reforms of the mid-1920s.
    日露戦後に国家財政難のため北方政策として北海道と樺太の行政的な合併論が,道内で唱え始められ1910年代中期まで続いた.そこで,道内の思惑,内閣による行財政整理の合併案に対する樺太庁の対応,合併論の挫折について分析を加えること
    により,日露戦後における北方政策の可能性とその挫折を考察することが,研究目的である.その合併論の論者は,日露戦争直後の立憲政友会から,1910年頃の中央倶楽部を経て,1913年頃の政友会の北海道党員へと変わっていた.いずれの主張も「北海道第一期拓殖計画」(1910–27)の財源確保を中核とした道内拓殖振興のためであったが,北海道庁の消極的な姿勢や,中央と樺太側などの反対により実現されなかった.特に1912年の経費節減のための行財政整理の合併案に対して,総合行政権と特別会計制を以て自立性を維持しようとする樺太庁の反対姿勢が明確かつ持続的であった.このような北海道本位の合併論は,第一次世界大戦に伴う該道を含む国家財政状態の好転から,1920年代中期の行財政整理までしばらく姿を消した.
    Relation: 社会システム, No.36, pp.57-79
    1345-1901
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系] 期刊論文

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