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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116953

    Title: A Semantic Feature Approach to Compare English-Mandarin Equivalents of CRAWL
    以語意特徵比較中文與英文的對譯詞 — 以「爬」字為例
    Authors: 張捷
    Chang, Chieh
    Lee, Min-Chien
    Chung, Siaw-Fong
    Contributors: 英文系
    Keywords: Contrastive analysis;Equivalents;Action verb;Semantic features;Literal and figurative senses
    Date: 2013-02
    Issue Date: 2018-04-26 14:20:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Equivalents of two languages may have corresponding senses but there could be some language-specific senses that are not found in one of the languages. Previous research used different ways to present identical and different meanings of equivalents, but seldom provided explanation for how senses could be connected or derived. The present study proposes a semantic feature approach, in which a sense flow chart is used to present how semantic features of an action verb and their
    specifications may explain the variation among the literal senses as well as the derivation routes of the figurative senses. Two equivalents, Chinese PA2 and English CRAWL, were chosen, and their usages in the corpus and their senses from dictionaries were examined with the specifications of semantic features (some taken from Gao (2001)) of the crawling action. Results showed that the identified semantic features could be classified into two categories: salient and minor semantic features. Specifications of salient features (e.g., „human,‟ „plant‟ or „non-creature‟ in the [Agent] feature) can adequately explain the differences among literal senses. Specifications of minor features (e.g., „search‟ and „examine‟ in the [Intention] feature) can suggest necessary clues for the derivation of some figurative senses. It was also found that specifications of semantic features were embedded differently in Chinese PA2 then in English CRAWL. Due to the differences, one specification of a feature may receive different weight of emphasis from the two languages which thus induces the derivation of a language-specific sense (e.g., Flesh—Crawl in English). For pedagogy, our findings imply that an underlying set of semantic features with their specifications could be provided to learners so that they can know what and why a targeted word in L2 differs from its equivalent in their L1.
    分析結果顯示爬的語意特徵可以分為兩大類:顯著特徵和次要特徵。顯著特徵的細項訊息(如:[動作者]這個特徵的‘人類’、‘植物’或‘非生物’等細項訊息)可以合理地解釋各個動作語意之間的差異。次要特徵的細項訊息(如:[意圖]這個特徵的‘尋找’和‘檢驗’等細項訊息)則能說明延伸意是如何衍生而來。本研究同時也發現中文的「爬」和英文的「CRAWL」著重於不同的特徵細項訊息(如:[部位]特徵中的細項訊息‘腳’在中文「爬」字的比率高出英文「CRAWL」字許多)。此外,某些語言獨有的特徵細項訊息解釋了為何某些語意只存在於其中一個語言之中(如: [效果]特徵的細項訊息‘驚悚’只存在於英文當中,故皮肉爬這個語意僅存在於英文「CRAWL」字中)。本研究於教學上的啟發在於鼓勵語言學習者利用語意特徵和其細項訊息去分析並了解外語及母語對譯詞在語意上有何不同以及如何不同。
    Relation: Studies in English Language and Literature, No.31, pp.247-264
    英語語言與文學學刊, 31, 247-263
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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