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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/116876
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116876


    Title: 陰陽思維與極端判斷:陰陽思維動態本質的初探
    Authors: 孫蒨如
    Sun, Chien-Ru
    Contributors: 心理系
    Keywords: Yin-Yang Dynamic Thinking;Zhongyong Belief/Value;Extremity Judgments
    阴阳动态思维;中庸信念/价值;极端判断
    Date: 2014-06
    Issue Date: 2018-04-17 12:08:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The author of this paper posits that the essence of the yin-yang thinking Mode which rooted in the Chinese culture,does not lie in the co-existence of two seemingly opposing extremes,yin and yang,but lies in its emphasis on its dynamic nature,i.e.,change from yin to yang or yang to yin. The purpose of present study was to develop an instrument to capture this dynamic nature and to test the hypothesis that individuals with more frequent yin-yang reversals tend to make less extreme judgments when assessing extreme life-events.Since there was no previous research studied the dynamic nature of the yin-yang thinking mode,the author designed a “story-completion” task and asked the participants to complete some unfinished happy or adverse stories. The frequency of yin-ying reversals in the finished stories collected from the participants,served as an index of the degree to which they employed the yin-yang dynamic thinking. It was found that this index was not significantly correlated with the participants’ zhongyong belief/value,the complexity of attribution,self-esteem or the need for cognition scores,suggesting that the frequency tap a distinct concept different from those related concepts. In addition,the results of this study supported the hypothesis that the more frequently the individuals’ used the yin-yang dynamic thinking in their finished stories,the less extreme judgments they made afterwards about the finished stories. This relationship was stronger when individuals showed more frequent reversals from positive to negative,than from negative to positive.
    阴阳思维固然涵盖了相对并存的辩证概念,但笔者认为,阴阳思维的重点并不在于阴阳两极对立并存,其所涵盖的“变动”观点才是阴阳思维最重要的本质。本研究的目的在于探讨如何才能真实测量个体所具有的阴阳动态思维倾向,同时探讨阴阳动态思维倾向不同的个体,在面对极端事件时,其极端判断的倾向是否也会有所差异。由于过去没有研究针对华人的阴阳动态思维加以探讨,因此,本研究以自行研发的“未完成故事”作业来测量个体的阴阳动态思维倾向,并以此探讨阴阳思维与极端判断之间的关联。研究结果显示,阴阳思维与中庸相关概念、认知复杂度、归因复杂度、自尊程度及认知需求等均无显著相关。而且,当个体面对极端情境时,个体阴阳思维中“正转负”阴阳转折的次数越多,越不倾向于做出极端判断。综上所述,阴阳思维确实与先前其他量表所测得的概念有着明显的区隔,而具有这种变动的动态思维,尤其是“正转负”阴阳转折次数多的个体,更不会做出极端判断。
    Relation: 中國社會心理學評論, No.7, pp.108-130.
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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