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    題名: 我國公務人員公共服務動機之研究:影響因素與其變化
    A Study on Public Service Motivation of Civil Service in Taiwan: Influencing Factors and Changes
    作者: 王品惟
    Wang, Pin Wei
    貢獻者: 蕭武桐
    王品惟
    Wang, Pin Wei
    關鍵詞: 公務人員
    公共服務動機
    影響因素
    動機變化趨勢
    Public servant
    Public service motivation
    Influencing factors
    Motivation change trend
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-04-09 16:04:13 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 摘要
      公共服務動機理論在1990年被提出後,迅速成為了公共行政研究的熱點,不同於新公共管理主張公務人員是理性自利,若無利可圖將不會採取行動的觀點,政府的「公共性」特徵,合理化了公共服務動機理論主張公務人員應重視內在性的激勵誘因,包含公共服務對他們的吸引力、對公共價值有所承諾、具有同情心或願意為公共利益自我犧牲等,隨之陸續發展出各家論點以及不同的動機測量方式。
      在相關研究中,使用多構面的量表測量最具規模,然而公共服務動機相關研究已有二十餘年,實有必要獨立進行質性研究以獲得更紮實、深入的瞭解,因此,在無前例可循之下,本研究在現有量表基礎上,自行設計訪談大綱,並選擇我國中央及地方行政機關10位業務單位公務人員作為研究對象,除了瞭解我國公務人員的公共服務動機程度外,更重要的是,探討成為公務人員後,影響個人公共服務動機的組織內、外部因素及動機變化情形。
      研究結果發現,我國公務人員展現較多「同情心」與「自我犧牲」特質,「公共服務的吸引力」與「公共價值的承諾」則相對較難察覺,且隨著年資增加,其公共服務動機逐漸遞減者居多,在影響因素上,機關首長與主管的領導方式、業務內容、考績獎懲制度、組織文化,以及公務人員社會信任與形象、年金改革的過程與爭議都在不同階段、以不同方式不同程度地影響其公共服務動機。本研究據此分別提出短期、中長期的實務建議如下,以提升我國公務人員公共服務動機:短期可分為營造良好的組織文化、建構友善公務環境、使公務人員感知自身業務的「價值」三大建議,並分別可從加強各層級主管的教育訓練、落實工時與休假制度、依政府財政狀況適時給予物質性誘因、以尊重與關懷方式鼓勵業務輪調、按實際需求辦理教育訓練等層面著手;長期則提出合理調整俸給結構、建立公平合理的獎優汰劣機制,以及對公務人員的尊重應先由政府自身做起等建議,期能提供作為一政策性參考。
    Abstract
    Since 1990 when Public Service Motivation (PSM) was brought out, it quickly became a hot study among the study of Public Administration. Unlike New Public Management (NPM), where it claims that public servants to be rational and self-interest based, and that no action would be taken if a situation being unprofitable, the “Publicness” of a government rationalizes the PSM theory where it claims that public servants should value internal incentive, including the attraction of public service, the commitment to public value and compassion or self-sacrifice for public interest, from which different theories and motivation measurement methods are developed accordingly.
    Among relevant researches the scale measurement using multidimensional construct are of largest scale. However it has more than twenty year history since the study of PSM and is necessary to conduct qualitative study for more solid and deeper understanding. Therefore, under unprecedented circumstance, with existing scale basis and self designed interview outline, the study chooses public servants from 10 Taiwan central and local government authorities as subjects for the purpose of the PSM level of our public servants, and more important, the internal and external organizational factors and motivation changes that affect individual public service motivation after becoming a public servant.
    According to the research, Taiwanese public servants show more qualities of “empathy” and “self-sacrifice”, less “the appeal of public service” and “the commitment of public value”, and the longer one serves as a public servant, the more the decrease of public service motivation. On the affecting factors, the leading methods of authority chiefs and directors, public affairs genres, audit, awards and punishment, organizational culture, the process and dispute of annuity reform have all affected the public service motivation at different stages with different ways, and on different levels. To offer as a policy reference, the study makes shot-term, mid-term and long-term practical suggestions accordingly so as to enhance PSM of Taiwanese public servants: 3 short-term suggestions are, a positive organizational culture, friendly public affairs service environment, allowing the public servants to feel the “value” of their own service. To start with, enhance trainings for supervisors of different levels, the implementation of working hours and off-day system, proper material incentives based on government financial status,encouraging internal job rotations in a caring and respectful manner, arranging trainings according to actual needs; for long-term suggestions, reasonable adjustment of payment structure, fair and reasonable award and elimination system, and the government itself to pay respect to the public servants.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    行政管理碩士學程
    104921036
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1049210361
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[行政管理碩士學程(MEPA)] 學位論文

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