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    Title: 企業進行製造服務化並發展創新服務之研究-知識管理的觀點
    Servitization and Service Innovation of Manufacturing Firms: The Perspective of Knowledge Management
    Authors: 謝宗澔
    Contributors: 吳豐祥
    謝宗澔
    Keywords: 製造服務化
    服務創新
    知識管理
    Servitization
    Service innovation
    Knowledge management
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-03-02 12:02:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 以製造產品為主要獲利手段的企業面臨商品陷阱(Commodity Trap)困境,即製造活動全球轉移導致的低成本競爭、網路資訊流通導致的產品週期縮短及顧客對客製化需求的增加,這些趨勢使其競爭環境更加困難。為脫離商品陷阱現象,服務化已成趨勢。
    製造服務化( Servitization )一詞,強調原本以製造產品為主的企業,從顧客為主(Customer-focus)的角度,整合服務至其核心產品,以滿足顧客的需求,並提升其附加價值。其過程通常伴隨著企業往價值鏈上、下游提供延伸服務、企業與顧客親合度的提升及企業從「產品導向」轉變為「服務導向」。
    企業於製造服務化過程中如何發展新服務並持續創新為其核心議題。因此本研究架構整合「服務創新」與「知識管理」之理論。以Den Hertog (2010)提出的「服務創新」模型為研究基礎,以探討其新服務發展之內涵。並透過「知識管理」之:知識吸收、知識整合、知識創造,以探討企業如何學習發展新服務所需之能耐。
    過去雖然已有許多製造服務化相關之研究,但是對於製造服務化與知識管理連結之研究並不多,且無探討服務創新之因果關係的相關研究。本研究以此作為研究缺口,以「服務創新與製造服務化」、「服務傳遞系統」、「知識管理」三構面,透過多重個案研究法,以訪談及次級資料蒐集研究資料並進行分析,研究我國三間企業製造服務化之發展過程,得到以下研究結論。

    結論一:
    企業進行製造服務化,會整合自身之能力,與外界資源,以發展新服務。在跨入門檻較低的部分,通常會採用自行學習法;在跨入門檻較高的部分,則會尋求新商業夥伴合作的方式。

    結論二:
    企業進行製造服務化並發展服務創新時,會透過軟體科技的導入以促進創意發展並提升溝通效率。

    結論三:
    企業進行製造服務化並發展服務創新時,其新服務概念的內涵會受到企業文化的影響。

    結論四:
    企業進行製造服務化並發展服務創新時,在知識吸收上,會以吸收:市場競爭、行銷與銷售、人力資源管理、新商業夥伴等知識為主。在知識整合上,則會以市場知識與技術知識的整合以及市場知識面各因子間的整合為重心。在知識創造上,會強調透過「實驗」的方式,來發展未來更符合消費者的服務。

    結論五:
    企業進行製造服務化並發展服務創新時,其新服務概念會受到知識吸收的來源與知識吸收的機制影響。其新顧客互動會受到技術知識與市場知識的整合或者市場知識與市場知識的整合影響。
    Companies that sell products as their primary means of making profit face the dilemma of Commodity Trap. Commodity Trap means low cost caused by global shift in manufacturing activity, shorter product life cycle due to development of internet and increased demand for customization. Those trend make it more difficult for companies to survive in the competitive environment. In order to be out of Commodity Trap, servitization has become a trend.
    Servitization is the innovation of an company's capabilities and processes to shift from selling products to selling integrated products and services in term of customer-focus that enhance its added value. It follows company’s development of application service and value chain shift to it’s upstream or downstream, closer relationship with their customers and transformation from product oriented to service oriented.
    The core issue for a company in process of servitization is how to develop new service and keep innovative. So, this research’s structure integrated theories in service innovation area and knowledge management area. Used Den Hertog (2010) model of service innovation as base to discuss the connotation of new service development. To explore how companies learned to develop the capability to provide new service,
    this research separated knowledge management theories into knowledge absorption, knowledge integration and knowledge creation.
    Although there have been many studies related to servitization in the past, there are not much research on the links between servitization and knowledge management. This study uses this as a research gap, and uses service innovation and servitization, service delivery system and knowledge management as three research facets. Through multi-case study method. Collecting and analysis data by interview and secondary data . Researched the servitization process of three local companies and got the following research findings.
    The research findings include:
    1.In the process of servitization, companies will integrate it’s self capability and external resource to develop new service. In the part that have lower barriers to entry, companies usually choose self-learning. In the part that have higher barriers to entry, companies usually seek new business partners.

    2. In the process of servitization, companies will implement software to facilitate innovation efficiency and improve communication efficiency.

    3. In the process of servitization, companies’ connotation of their new service concept will be influenced by their corporate culture.

    4. In the process of servitization, companies’ knowledge absorption will focus on marketing competition, marketing and sales, human resource , business company and so on. In knowledge integration part, companies will focus on integrating marketing knowledge and technology knowledge or integrating each marketing knowledge factors. In knowledge creation part, companies will focus on experiment to develop new services that are correspond to customer’s requirement.

    5. In the process of servitization, companies’ new service concept will be influenced by their resources and mechanisms of knowledge absorption. Their New Client Interface will be influenced by their integration of technology knowledge and marketing knowledge or marketing knowledge and marketing knowledge.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    科技管理與智慧財產研究所
    104364114
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104364114
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 學位論文

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