English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 81675/111165 (73%)
造訪人次 : 21208138      線上人數 : 417
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116144


    題名: 核能廢物公共行政管理方面的「科學-技術-社會(STS)」網絡:台灣與加拿大的必較研究
    Science Technology Society (STS) Networks in the Public Management of Nuclear Waste: a Comparative Study of Taiwan & Canada
    作者: 阿瑪托
    Amato
    貢獻者: 賀大衛
    Holm, David
    阿瑪托
    Amato
    關鍵詞: 核能廢物
    公共行政
    STS網絡
    台灣
    加拿大
    Nuclear waste
    Public policy
    STS networks
    Taiwan
    Canada
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2018-03-02 12:01:08 (UTC+8)
    摘要: On the current state of material distribution of renewable energy plans for development combined with the alternative uses of innovative technologies, there have been multilateral institutional partnerships regulating the actual distribution of nuclear energy programs through the PPPs, which have maintained a primarily scientific role while attracting international attention.
    In addition, the specific combination of scientific knowledge and technology transfers associated with public-private regulatory spheres has led to a common co-evolution of essential development characteristics, which have been intertwined with public environmental programs and resulting activities referring to the nuclear risk management of nuclear power plants NPPs, and to the formulation of participatory protection mechanisms.
    In this study, I analyze the comparative institutional status of nuclear energy models in industrial transition stages with waste disposal systems which have been based in Canada and Taiwan. The research focus in this dissertation has been placed over the practical need to identify the adaptive policy approaches in governance leading to local territorial interactions interrelated with a contemporary escalation of environmental technology issues, associated with public-private partnerships (PPPs), especially in terms of operability of STS transfers (science, technology, and societies) developed at societal level.
    Structurally speaking, the first section of this dissertation discusses introductory explanations already presented in July 2016 for the university commission about the proposed doctoral research design. The second and final parts of this dissertation have been developed at length in view of exploring some of the issues concerning the STS energy transfers and NPPs research policies associated with PPPs configurations. The final discussion section will summarize the literature findings about the changing mechanisms established in energy governance. The evaluative findings have been mostly developed through library archival documents, national reports, and analytical studies which I have compared in this dissertation.
    Overall for starting point, it can be affirmed that a technocratic vision of dynamic disciplinary elements related to managerial energy configurations of nuclear power plants, including waste disposal programs, has been proposed at regional level through common identification systems, established over public provisions involving regulatory interactions of nuclear sector industries based in East Asia and Canada.
    International and national attention has been focused on environmental cases of post-disaster emergencies and risk protection factors, particularly following on the Fukushima nuclear plant crisis in Japan in 2011. This structural process has been classified as an international critical domain. Essentially, the constructive experience acquired in governance has relied on cross-countries interpretative democratic models based on the existence of collective information
    i

    exchanges, which have actually involved different national regulators, public development actors,
    and industrial management partners, supported by: scientific experts, regional state officials, non-governmental representatives, and local district communities, among others.
    Moreover, the resulting collaboration process for public regulatory implementation which has been followed according to governmental aims and rationalization of resources regarding the civilian nuclear energy activities has also acquired a divergent character identified in multi-level state distribution systems. This happens in view of the similar formulation of industrial transition incentives for innovation and technology transfers, also entailing attentive responses formulated by taking into account the material normative reflections; which need to promote a broader view on collective participatory models, also based on public consensus criteria. Consequently, it can be considered that nuclear energy technologies and industrial knowledge transfers have been interlinked to a public set of normative appeals and confidence measures, promoting fundamental support for governance integrative practices.
    From an industrial point of view, the differentiation of innovation systems pursued through the development of specialized technology districts, for instance, in East Asia and Europe, has been configured according to public-private negotiation patterns assisting on the evolution of STS assessment programs. The corresponding formulation of risk prevention measures and safety assessment principles has been addressed according to the transition obtained with the adoption of alternative renewable energy plans.
    Managerial innovation capacities have reflected the temporal adaptation to development changes, which have been related to the emergence of nuclear fuel-cycle radioactive programs, and nuclear waste disposal activities. At implementation level, the direct involvement of community actors and environmental institutions has come into play leading to the identification of multilevel governance routes, by enhancing the knowledge transfers and learning systems, compatible with national and local collectivities, as well as, territorial and internal capacities.
    At the same time, the spatial regulatory requirements for regional identifications of the technologies used and the PPP agreements prepared in connection with nuclear energy facilities, and civilian energy installations, have testified the need to introduce learning cooperation stages for the evaluative and monitoring processes. These changing adaptation stages have been publicly controversial. At the end of bitter regional local disputes, the investigative agencies producing case-based reports have indicated the status of public concern and risk perceptions on nuclear safety issues, particularly for the local population living in proximity to NPPs, reflecting on common detrimental effects in terms of public governance and mutual trust conditions.
    The complex variation of public understanding about the programmatic issues surrounding nuclear science development and the environmental impacts has drawn us to an analytic core of
    ii
    structural determinants, which have been investigated in order to compare the international cooperation principles and the practical nationally-based conducts. For the identification of risk protection assessments of national capacities, I have elaborated this study project for comparative purposes, by trying to emphasize the critical aspects of public STS maintenance systems, which will require a legal status and clarification for the future generations in order to guarantee security and safety for everyone.
    參考文獻: 1. Svein S. Andersen, 1980. “Conflict over new technology: The case of nuclear power planning in Norway 1972-74.” Acta Sociologica, Vol. 23, No. 4, Technology and Society, (1980), pp. 297-310.

    2. Masahiko Aoki, Geoffrey Rothwell, 2013. “A comparative institutional analysis of the Fukushima nuclear disaster: Lessons and policy implications.” Energy Policy, Vol. 53, pp. 240-247.

    3. Ian Baily, 2007. “Market environmentalism, new environmental policy instruments, and climate policy in the United Kingdom and Germany.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 97, No. 3, pp. 530-550.

    4. Keith Baker, Gerry Stoker, 2012. “Governance and nuclear power: Why governing is easier said than done.” Political Studies DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00978.

    5. Rajesh Basrur, Koh Swee Lean Collin, 2012. “Nuclear power and energy security in Asia.” Routledge security in Asia Pacific series. ISBN: 1136296166, 9781136296161. Published in the UK, USA and Canada.

    6. Sophie-Helene Bataini, 2004. “L’interaction des dynamiques individuelles et collectives dans le processus de développement territorial. » Armand Colin – Revue d’Economie Régionale & Urbaine, 2004/5 décembre, pp. 713-735. DOI : 10.3917/reru.045.0713.

    7. Simon P.J. Batterbury, Jude L. Fernando, 2006. “Rescaling governance and the impacts of political and environmental decentralization: An introduction.” World Development, Vol. 34, No. 11, pp. 1851-1863.

    8. Ismar Borges de Lima, Leszek Buszynski, 2011. “Local environmental governance, public policies and deforestation in Amazonia.” Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 282-316.
    9. Barry Bozeman, 2000. “Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory.” Research Policy, Vol. 29, pp. 627-655.

    10. Neil Bradford, 2003. “Public-private partnership? Shifting paradigms of economic governance in Ontario.” Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 36, No. 5, pp. 1005-1033.

    11. Alexandre Bredimas, William J. Nuttall, 2008. “An international comparison of regulatory organizations and licensing procedures for new nuclear power plants.” Energy Policy, Vol. 36, pp. 1344-1354.

    12. Gavin Bridge, Stefan Bouzarovski, Michael Bradshaw, Nick Eyre, 2013. “Geographies of energy transition: Space, place, and the low-carbon economy.” Energy Policy, Vol. 53, pp. 331-340.

    13. Harriet Bulkeley, 2005. “Reconfiguring environmental governance: Towards a politics of scales and networks.” Political Geography, Vol. 24, pp. 875-902.

    14. Joanna Burger et al., 2005. “Science Policy, and Stakeholders: Developing a Consensus Science Plan for Amchitka Island, Aleutians, Alaska.” Environmental Management Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 557-568; p. 566.

    15. C.C. Burwell, M.J. Ohanian, A.M. Weinberg, 1979. “A siting policy for an acceptable nuclear future.” Science, Vol. 204, No. 4397, pp. 1043-1051.

    16. Jean-Marc Callois, 2005 “L’identité et la cohésion comme facteurs de développement local : vers une meilleure mise en œuvre des politiques territoriales. » Ingénieries No. 41, pp. 3-12.

    17. Luther J. Carter, 1980. “Debate over waste imperils 3-Mile cleanup. Lack of disposal facilities for radioactive material could make the decontamination effort impossible.” Science, vol. 210, No. 10, pp. 166-170.

    18. Luther J. Carter, Thomas H. Pigford, 2005. “Proof of safety at Yucca Mountain.” Policy Forum, Science, Vol. 310, No. 10, pp. 447-448.

    19. Daniela Salgado Carvalho, Teresa Fidelis, 2011. “Citizen complaints as a new source of information for local environmental governance.” Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 22, No.3, pp. 386-400.

    20. Dung-Sheng Chen, Chung-Yeh Deng, 2007. “Interaction between citizens and experts in public deliberation: A case study of consensus conferences in Taiwan.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 77-97.

    21. Dung-sheng Chen, Chia-Ling Wu, 2007. “Introduction: Public participation in science and technology in East Asia.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 15-18.

    22. Hyungsub Choi, 2007. “On Linsu Kim’s imitation to innovation: The dynamics of Korea’s technological learning.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 259-261.

    23. J. Cohen, E. Decoster, M. Tabaries, 2000. “Dynamiques spatiales de la Cite scientifique Paris sud : innovation, compétitivité, territoire. De l’atome au photon, ou d’une dynamique de complexe militaro-industriel et nucléaire’ vers une dynamique de ‘cluster." European Study (ESRC) Paris.

    24. Daiwie Fu, 2007. “How far can East Asian STS go?” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 1-14.

    25. Douglas M. Gibler, Scott Wolford, 2006. “Alliances, then democracy: An examination of the relationship between regime type and alliance formation.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 129-153.

    26. Victor Gilinsky, 1992. “Nuclear safety regulation. Lessons from US experience.” Energy Policy, 0301-4215/92/080704-08 – 1992 Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. Page 706. Pp. 704-711.

    27. Roman Gomez, Gonzalez Cosio, 1998. “Social constructivism and capacity building for environmental governance.” International Planning Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 367-389.

    28. Barbara Gray, Donna J. Wood, 1991. “Collaborative alliances: Moving from practice to theory.” Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 3-22.

    29. Vincent Guigueno, 2003. “L’aménagement du territoire en action. Vingtième Siècle, Revue d’histoire, Vol. 79, No.79, pp. 37-41.

    30. Irene M. Herremans, M. Sandy Herschovis, and Stephanie Bertels, 2009. “Leaders and Laggards: The influence of competing logics on corporate environmental action.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 89, No. 3, pp. 449-472.

    31. Douglas Hill, Barbara L. Pierce, William C. Metz, et al., 1982. “Management of high-level waste repository siting.” Science, vol. 218, No. 11, pp. 859-864.

    32. Christoph Hobhenemser, Roger Kasperson, Robert Kates, 1977. “The distrust of nuclear power.” Science, Vol. 196, no.4, pp. 25-34.

    33. Sungook Hong, 2007. “East Asian STS: Some critical issues.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 233-236.


    34. Charles Hostovsky, 2006. “The paradox of the rational comprehensive model of planning: Tales from waste management planning in Ontario, Canada.” Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 25, pp. 382-395.

    35. Jessica Jewell, 2011. “Ready for nuclear energy? An assessment of capacities and motivations for launching new national nuclear power programs.” Energy Policy, Vol. 39, pp. 1041-1055.

    36. Kohta Juraku, Tatsujiro Suzuku, Osamu Sakura, 2007. “Social decision-making processes in local contexts: An STS case study on nuclear power plant siting.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 53-75.

    37. Roger E. Kasperson, Gerald Berk, David Pijawka, Alan B. Sharaf, and James Wood, 1980. “Public opposition to nuclear energy: Retrospect and Prospect.” Science, Technology & Human Values, Vol. 5, No. 31, pp. 11-23.

    38. Richard A. Kerr, 2011. “Light at the end of the Radwaste disposal tunnel could be real.” Science, Vol. 333, No. 7, pp. 150-152. New focus report 2011.

    39. Jari Kettunen, Teemu Reiman, Bjorn Wahlstrom, 2007. “Safety management challenges and tensions in the European nuclear power industry.” Scandinavian Journal of Management, Vol. 23, pp. 424-444.

    40. Jong-dall Kim, John Byrne, 1990. “Centralization, technicization, and development on the semi-periphery: A study of South Korea’s commitment to nuclear power.” Bulletin of Science Technology & Society, Vol. 10, pp. 212-222.

    41. Jung Wk Kim, 2008. “Environmental conflicts and activism with industrialization in South Korea.” Clean Journal, Vol. 36, No. 5-6, pp. 419-425.

    42. Ock-Kyung Kim, Pietronella van den Oever, 1992. “Demographic transition and patterns of natural-resources use in the Republic of Korea.” Ambio, Vol. 21, No. 1, Population, Natural Resources and Development (Feb., 1992), pp. 56-62.

    43. Matti Kojo, Tapio Litmanen, 2009. “The renewal of nuclear power in Finland.” Palgrave Macmillan distribution, England.

    44. Konrad B. Krauskopf, 1990. “Disposal of high-level nuclear waste: is it possible?” Policy Forum, Science, Vol. 249, No. 9, pp. 1231-1232.

    45. Arthur S. Kubo, David J. Rose, 1973. “Disposal of nuclear wastes.” Science, Vol. 182, No. 4118, pp. 1205-1211.

    46. Harri Lammi, 2009. “Social dynamics behind the changes in the NGO anti-nuclear campaign, 1993-2002” Chapter three in Matti Kojo, Tapio Litmanen, 2009. “The renewal of nuclear power in Finland.” Palgrave Macmillan distribution, England.

    47. Lucille Langlois, 2013. “IAEA action plan on nuclear safety.” Energy Strategy Reviews, Vol. 1, pp. 302-306.

    48. Todd R. La Porte, 1978. “Nuclear waste: Increasing scale and sociopolitical impacts.” Science, Vol. 201, No. 7, pp. 22-28.

    49. Marie-France Le Blanc, 2006. “Two tales of municipal reorganization: Toronto’s and Montreal’s divergent paths toward regional governance and social sustainability.” Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 571-590.

    50. Anru Lee, 2007. “Southern Green Revolution: Urban Environmental Activism in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.” City & Society, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 114-138.

    51. Kai N. Lee, 1980. “A federalist strategy for nuclear waste management.” Science, Vol. 208, No. 5, pp. 679-684.

    52. Thomas M. Leschine, 2007. “Long-term management of contaminated sites.” Research in Social Problems and Public Policy Volume 13. Elsevier JAI Press, United States.

    53. Stephen E. Little, 1999. “Science, technology and society in East Asia: Frameworks for the challenges of the next century.” AI & Society, Vol. 13, pp. 247-262.

    54. Borja Lopez de Castro, Francisco J. Gracia, Jose M. Peiro, Luca Pietrantoni, Ana Hernandez, 2013. “Testing the validity of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 60, pp. 231-244.

    55. Eliot Marshall, 1986. “Nuclear waste program faces political burial.” Science, Vol. 233, No. 8, pp. 835-836.

    56. Aysem Mert, 2014. “Hybrid governance mechanisms as political instruments: the case of sustainability partnerships.” International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 225-244.

    57. S. Mihok, P. Thompson, 2011. “Regulatory experience in applying a radiological environmental protection framework for existing and planned nuclear facilities.” Annals of the ICRP 2011 Proceedings, Elsevier, pp. 256-262.

    58. Roda Mushkat, 2002. “Public participation in environmental law making: A comment on the international legal framework and the Asia-Pacific perspective.” Chinese Journal of International Law (JIL) 2002 Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 185-224.

    59. Tun Myint, 2003. “Democracy in global environmental governance: Issues, interests, and actors in the Mekong and the Rhine.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 287-314.
    60. Adil Najam, Janice M. Poling, Naoyuki Yamagishi, Daniel G. Straub, et al, 2002. “From Rio to Johannesburg: Progress and prospects.” Environment, Vol. 44, No. 7, pp. 26-38.

    61. National Research Council, 1992. “Nuclear power. Technical and institutional options for the future.” Committee on Future Nuclear Power Development, Energy Engineering Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington D.C.;

    62. National Research Council report, 2000. “Long-term institutional management of U.S. Department of Energy legacy waste sites.” Committee on the Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources, National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington D.C.

    63. Neil Nevitte, Herman Bakvis, Roger Gibbins, 1989. “The ideological contours of ‘new politics’ in Canada: Policy, mobilization and partisan support.” Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 475-503.

    64. Martin O’Connor, Sybille van den Hove, 2001. “Prospect for public participation on nuclear risks and policy options: innovations in governance practices for sustainable development in the European Union.” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 86, pp. 77-99.

    65. Susan E. Pickett, 2002. “Japan’s nuclear energy policy: from firm commitment to difficult dilemma addressing growing stocks of plutonium, program delays, domestic opposition and international pressure.” Energy Policy, Vol. 30, pp. 1337-1355.

    66. Werner W. Pommerehne, Albert Hart, and Friedrich Schneider, 1997. “Tragic choices and collective decision-making: An empirical study of voter preferences for alternative collective decision-making mechanisms.” The Economic Journal, No. 107, N.5, pp. 618-635.

    67. Matthew Potoski, Aseem Prakash, 2004. “The regulation dilemma: Cooperation and conflict in environmental governance.” Public Administration Review, Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 152-163.

    68. Xavier Pouget-Abadie, 2012. “Complementary safety assessments of the French nuclear facilities. Evaluations complémentaires de sûreté du parc nucléaire français.” Comptes Rendus Physique, Vol. 13, pp. 359-364.

    69. Maureen G. Reed, 1995. “Cooperative management of environmental resources: A case study from Northern Ontario, Canada.” Economic Geography, Vol. 71, No. 2, pp. 132-149.

    70. Phil Richardson, Katrin Rickwood, Peter Rickwood, 2013. “Public involvement as a tool to enhance nuclear safety.” Energy Strategy Reviews, Vol. 1, pp. 266-271.

    71. Gene I. Rochlin, 1977. “Nuclear waste disposal: two social criteria.” Science, Vol. 195, No. 1, pp. 23-31.

    72. Robert Rohrschneider, Russel J. Dalton, 2002. “A global network? Transnational cooperation among environmental groups.” The Journal of Politics, Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 510-533.

    73. Helene Saint-Jacques, 2013. “Lorsque des conceptions divergentes du territoire, du développement et des politiques nationales doivent être conjuguées dans une stratégie énergétique : Pistes de réflexions. » Mémoire presented at the Energy Commission of Québec.

    74. Johan M. Sanne, 2012. “Learning from adverse events in the nuclear power industry: Organizational learning, policy making and normalization.” Technology in Society, Vol. 34, pp. 239-250.
    75. Peter V. Schaeffer, Scott Loveridge, 2002. “Toward an understanding of types of public-private cooperation.” Public Performance & Management Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 169-189.

    76. Paul Slovic, James H. Flynn, Mark Layman, 1991. “Perceived risk, trust, and the politics of nuclear waste.” Science, Vol. 254, pp. 1603-1607.

    77. Lennart Sjoberg, 2004. “Local acceptance of a high-level nuclear waste repository.” Risk Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 737-749.

    78. Barry D. Solomon, Mats Andren, Urban Strandberg, 2010. “Three decades of social science research on high-level nuclear waste: achievements and future challenges.” Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 4, Article 2. pp. 13-47.

    79. Marjorie Sun, 1982. “EPA issues hazardous waste rules.” Briefing report, Science, Vol. 217, No. 7, pp. 430-431.

    80. Milan Tung-Wen Sun, Yun-Tung Tsai, Mei-Chiang Shih, Jessica Yu-Wen Lin, 2009. “Public participation and the concept of space in environmental governance: An application of PPGIS.” Public Administration and Development, Vol. 29, pp. 250-261.


    81. Taiwan Power Company Sustainability Report 2012. “Sustainability Issues”. Taiwan Power Company, Taipei, Taiwan (R.O.C.). www.taipower.com.tw

    82. Douglas Torgerson, 1997. “Policy professionalism and the voices of dissent: The case of environmentalism.” Polity, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 345-374.

    83. R. Kent Weaver, 1995. “Political institutions and conflict management in Canada.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 538, Being and Becoming Canada (Mar., 1995), pp. 54-68.
    84. Geoff A. Wilson, 2013. “Community resilience, policy corridors and the policy challenge.” Land Use Policy, Vol. 31, pp. 298-310.

    85. P.A. Witherspoon, and G.S. Bodvarsson, 2001. “Geological challenges in radioactive waste isolation: Third worldwide review.” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy (LBNL-49767).

    86. Maarten Wolsink, 2010. “Contested environmental policy infrastructure: Socio-political acceptance of renewable energy, water, and waste facilities.” Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 30, pp. 302-311.

    87. Koon Kwai Wong, 2001. “Taiwan’s environment, resource sustainability and green consumerism: Perceptions of university students.” Sustainable Development, Vol. 9, pp. 222-233.

    88. Brian Wynne, 2007. “Public participation in science and technology: Performing and obscuring a political-conceptual category mistake.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 99-110.

    89. Scott Victor Valentine, Benjamin K. Sovacool, 2010. “The socio-political economy of nuclear power development in Japan and South Korea.” Energy Policy, vol. 38, pp. 7971-7979.
    描述: 博士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語博士學位學程(IDAS)
    98265517
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098265517
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    551701.pdf3497KbAdobe PDF0檢視/開啟


    在政大典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋