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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/116078
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116078


    Title: 領導技能、組織文化、顧客需求知覺、因應金融海嘯策略、顧客滿意、組織競爭力、與績效之相關研究
    The study of leaders' skills, organizational culture, perception of customer need, coping strategies of financial crisis, customer satisfaction, organizational competitiveness, and organizational performance
    Authors: 洪宛廷
    Hong, Wan Ting
    Contributors: 張裕隆
    洪宛廷
    Hong, Wan Ting
    Keywords: 領導技能
    領導者智慧
    領導者實用智力
    領導者分析智力
    領導者創造力
    組織文化
    顧客需求知覺
    因應金融海嘯策略
    顧客滿意
    組織競爭力
    組織績效
    Leaders' skills
    Leaders' wisdom
    Leaders' practical intelligence
    Leaders' analytic intelligence
    Leaders' creativity
    Organizational culture
    Perception of customer need
    Coping strategies of financial crisis
    Customer satisfaction
    Organizational competitiveness
    Organizational performance
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-03-02 11:49:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究係以Sternberg的WICS領導模式出發,探討當領導者具備智慧、實用智力、分析智力、創造力,並將這些技能產生綜效時,是否能形塑組織文化,進而影響組織的顧客需求知覺、因應金融海嘯策略、與顧客滿意等方面的展現,而後對於組織競爭力與組織績效產生影響。此外,本研究亦嘗試發展一整合模式,以提供企業組織做為診斷與發展的重要參考。
    本研究首先針對六位在職者進行訪談,以釐清研究架構與變項之內涵,並據以進行量表編製或引用相關量表,且以一般企業員工作為研究母群,採立意取樣方式進行樣本蒐集,總計蒐集到327份有效問卷。信效度及因素分析結果顯示,本研究量表擁有良好之內部一致信度(.90~.98)與效標關聯效度(.41~.74)。階層迴歸與結構方程模式驗證研究假設之結果顯示:1.領導技能對於組織文化、組織績效具有正向且顯著的影響、2.組織文化對於顧客需求知覺具有正向且顯著的影響、3.顧客需求知覺對於因應金融海嘯策略具有正向且顯著的影響、4.因應金融海嘯策略對於顧客滿意、組織競爭力具有正向且顯著的影響、5.顧客滿意對於組織競爭力具有正向且顯著的影響、6.組織競爭力對於組織績效具有正向且顯著的影響、7.標竿企業在上述變項皆顯著優於一般與虧損企業。最後,並將訪談結果來驗證研究之假設與架構。綜合而言,本研究採質化與量化兩者得兼之方式來進行研究架構與假設之驗證。
    總而言之,本研究之具體貢獻為:理論整合與創新、實務應用與發展。除了整合「領導技能、競爭力、績效」之研究外,亦提出創新的顧客需求知覺之內涵,可幫助開啟後續相關研究,並以宏觀角度發展出「領導技能、顧客需求知覺、因應金融海嘯策略、顧客滿意」之整合模式,以提供企業組織變革與發展之依據。
    This study starts with Sternberg's WICS leadership model, investigating the effect of leaders' wisdom, practical intelligence, analytic intelligence, creativity, and synthesized on organizational culture, and perception of customer need, coping strategies of financial crisis, customer satisfaction, and ultimately, on organizational competitiveness, organizational performance. In addition, this study tries to construct a macro model, which assists organizations in diagnosing and developing.
    This study compiles related scales and use survey method to collect data. Moreover, it chooses employees in enterprises as research population and uses convenience sampling. The total number of effective sample is 327. All questionnaires were factor analysis examined, and confirmed to have highly reliability (.90~.98) and validity (.41~.74). The conclusion drawn from result of hierarchical regression analysis and structural equation modeling analysis indicates:1. leaders' skills have positive and significant effect on organizational culture and organizational performance; 2. organizational culture have positive and significant effect on perception of customer need; 3. perception of customer need have positive and significant effect on coping strategies of financial crisis; 4. coping strategies of financial crisis have positive and significant effect on customer satisfaction and organizational competitiveness; 5. customer satisfaction have positive and significant effect on organizational competitiveness; 6. organizational competitiveness have positive and significant effect on organizational performance; 7. above variables in benchmarking enterprises are significant better than normal and deficit enterprises. Furthermore, this study also applied interview with 6 professionals as a method to gather opinions on variables and confirm the model.
    Finally, the contribution of this study includes "integration and innovation of theories" and " practical applications". This study proposes the model of leadership, perception of customer need, coping strategies of financial crisis and customer satisfaction from macro view point. It not only initiates follow-up academic studies, but also provides an innovative model for enterprises to change and develop.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    104752016
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104752016
    Data Type: thesis
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