English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88645/118187 (75%)
Visitors : 23499373      Online Users : 156
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/116077
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116077

    Title: 因應彈性、自我清晰程度對於心理適應之影響:不同性傾向的調節效果
    Coping flexibility, self-concept clarity and psychological adjustment: the moderator effects of different sexual orientation
    Authors: 廖姝安
    Liao, Shu An
    Contributors: 李怡青
    Lee, I-Ching
    Liao, Shu An
    Keywords: 同志
    Objective/subjective coping flexibility
    Self-concept clarity
    Psychological adjustment
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-03-02 11:49:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 過往關於同志與身心健康的研究,多著重在此身分所帶來的負面影響。本研究採取不同的觀點,探索同志族群可能的韌性,檢驗主/客觀因應彈性(韌性的行為面)以及自我清晰程度(韌性的內在面)對於正負向心理適應的影響,以及性傾向在此關係中所扮演的調節效果。兩個研究皆以調查法收集不同性傾向者(主觀與客觀)的因應彈性、自我清晰程度、憂鬱程度(負向心理適應指標)與生活滿意度(正向心理適應指標)。研究一的壓力事件為參與者自陳其近期壓力事件,研究二的壓力事件則是研究者指定給予參與者去做評量。兩個研究皆發現,客觀因應彈性與憂鬱程度、生活滿意度無關;自我清晰程度越高者,其憂鬱程度越低,且性傾向未調節以上結果。不過,性傾向則調節了自我清晰程度與生活滿意度間的關係。同志族群的自我清晰程度越高、生活滿意度也會越高;異性戀者則無此關係。研究二則發現主觀因應彈性越高,其憂鬱程度越低、生活滿意度越高;然而主觀因應彈性與正、負向心理適應之間的關係,不會受到不同性傾向的調節。兩個研究結果幫助我們瞭解主觀因應彈性、自我清晰程度與心理適應之間的關係,以及此關係在不同性傾向者身上的面貌為何。
    Lesbians, gay men, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are often observed to have poorer psychological adjustments than heterosexual individuals. I adopted a different approach to explore potential strengths in being LGB individuals by testing the impacts of objective/subjective coping flexibility and self-concept clarity on positive and negative psychological adjustments, as well as how sexual orientation may moderate these relationships. Two survey studies in this thesis measured objective/subjective coping flexibility, self-concept clarity, depression and life satisfaction among people with different sexual orientations. To measure objective coping flexibility, participants reported their recent stress events in Study 1, and were given specific stress events to respond in Study 2. The two studies showed that objective coping flexibility was not associated with depression, nor with life satisfaction, whereas self-concept clarity was associated with depression negatively. Sexual orientation did not moderate the above findings. Sexual orientation did moderate the relationship between self-concept clarity and life satisfaction: Self-concept clarity was associated with life satisfaction positively among LGB individuals, but this association was not significant among heterosexual individuals. Study 2 showed that subjective coping flexibility was associated with depression negatively and with life satisfaction positively. Again, sexual orientation did not moderate the above finding. These findings further our understanding regarding objective and subjective coping flexibility, self-concept clarity and psychological adjustments among people with different sexual orientations.
    Reference: 一、中文部分

    Berlan, E. D., Corliss, H. L., Field, A. E., Goodman, E., & Austin, S. B. (2010). Sexual Orientation and Bullying among Adolescents in the Growing up Today Study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46, 366-371.
    Campbell, J. D. (1990). Self-Esteem and Clarity of the Self-Concept. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 538-549.
    Campbell, J. D., Assanand, S., & Paula, A. D. (2003). The Structure of the Self‐Concept and Its Relation to Psychological Adjustment. Journal of personality, 71, 115-140.
    Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self-Concept Clarity: Measurement, Personality Correlates, and Cultural Boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 141-156.
    Cass, V. C. (1979). Homosexuality Identity Formation: A Theoretical Model. Journal of homosexuality, 4, 219-235.
    Cass, V. C. (1984). Homosexual Identity Formation: Testing a Theoretical Model. Journal of sex research, 20, 143-167.
    Cheng, C. (2001). Assessing Coping Flexibility in Real-Life and Laboratory Settings: A Multimethod Approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 814-833.
    Cheng, C. (2003). Cognitive and Motivational Processes Underlying Coping Flexibility: A Dual-Process Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 425-438.
    Cheng, C., Chiu, C. y., Hong, Y. y., & Cheung, J. S. (2001). Discriminative Facility and Its Role in the Perceived Quality of Interactional Experiences. Journal of personality, 69, 765-785.
    Cheng, C., Lau, H.-P. B., & Chan, M.-P. S. (2014). Coping Flexibility and Psychological Adjustment to Stressful Life Changes: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 1582-1607.
    Crocker, J., & Major, B. (1989). Social Stigma and Self-Esteem: The Self-Protective Properties of Stigma. Psychological review, 96, 608-630.
    Davydov, D. M., Stewart, R., Ritchie, K., & Chaudieu, I. (2010). Resilience and Mental Health. Clinical psychology review, 30, 479-495.
    Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of personality assessment, 49, 71-75.
    Doyle, D. M., & Molix, L. (2015). Social Stigma and Sexual Minorities’ Romantic Relationship Functioning a Meta-Analytic Review. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 1363-1381.
    Erikson, E. H. (1993). Childhood and Society: WW Norton & Company.
    Feinstein, B. A., Davila, J., & Yoneda, A. (2012). Self-Concept and Self-Stigma in Lesbians and Gay Men. Psychology & Sexuality, 3, 161-177.
    Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1980). An Analysis of Coping in a Middle-Aged Community Sample. Journal of health and social behavior, 219-239.
    Folkman, S., Lazarus, R. S., Dunkel-Schetter, C., DeLongis, A., & Gruen, R. J. (1986). Dynamics of a Stressful Encounter: Cognitive Appraisal, Coping, and Encounter Outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 992-1003.
    Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2004). Coping: Pitfalls and Promise. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 55, 745-774.
    Gan, Y., Shang, J., & Zhang, Y. (2007). Coping Flexibility and Locus of Control as Predictors of Burnout among Chinese College Students. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 35, 1087-1098.
    Gross, J. J. (1998). The Emerging Field of Emotion Regulation: An Integrative Review. Review of general psychology, 2, 271-299.
    Kaluza, G. (2000). Changing Unbalanced Coping Profiles-a Prospective Controlled Intervention Trial in Worksite Health Promotion. Psychology and Health, 15, 423-433.
    Kato, T. (2012). Development of the Coping Flexibility Scale: Evidence for the Coping Flexibility Hypothesis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59, 262-273.
    Katz-Wise, S. L., & Hyde, J. S. (2012). Victimization Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of sex research, 49, 142-167.
    Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., Martin, C. E., & Sloan, S. (1948). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male.
    Kohn, P. M., Lafreniere, K., & Gurevich, M. (1990). The Inventory of College Students' Recent Life Experiences: A Decontaminated Hassles Scale for a Special Population. Journal of behavioral medicine, 13, 619-630.
    Lee-Flynn, S. C., Pomaki, G., DeLongis, A., Biesanz, J. C., & Puterman, E. (2011). Daily Cognitive Appraisals, Daily Affect, and Long-Term Depressive Symptoms: The Role of Self-Esteem and Self-Concept Clarity in the Stress Process. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 255-268.
    Levitt, E. E., & Klassen, J., Albert D. (1976). Public Attitudes toward Homosexuality: Part of the 1970 National Survey by the Institute for Sex Research. Journal of homosexuality, 1, 29-43.
    Luthar, S. S., & Cicchetti, D. (2000). The Construct of Resilience: Implications for Interventions and Social Policies. Development and psychopathology, 12, 857-885.
    Marshal, M. P., Dietz, L. J., Friedman, M. S., Stall, R., Smith, H. A., McGinley, J., . . . Brent, D. A. (2011). Suicidality and Depression Disparities between Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Youth: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 49, 115-123.
    McDavitt, B., Iverson, E., Kubicek, K., Weiss, G., Wong, C. F., & Kipke, M. D. (2008). Strategies Used by Gay and Bisexual Young Men to Cope with Heterosexism. Journal of gay & lesbian social services, 20, 354-380.
    Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 674-697.
    Netuveli, G., Wiggins, R. D., Montgomery, S. M., Hildon, Z., & Blane, D. (2008). Mental Health and Resilience at Older Ages: Bouncing Back after Adversity in the British Household Panel Survey. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 62, 987-991.
    Park, C. L., Cohen, L. H., & Murch, R. L. (1996). Assessment and Prediction of Stress‐Related Growth. Journal of personality, 64, 71-105.
    Pearlin, L. I., & Schooler, C. (1978). The Structure of Coping. Journal of health and social behavior, 2-21.
    Penley, J. A., Tomaka, J., & Wiebe, J. S. (2002). The Association of Coping to Physical and Psychological Health Outcomes: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of behavioral medicine, 25, 551-603.
    Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification: Oxford University Press.
    Radloff, L. S. (1977). The Ces-D Scale a Self-Report Depression Scale for Research in the General Population. Applied psychological measurement, 1, 385-401.
    Riggle, E. D., Whitman, J. S., Olson, A., Rostosky, S. S., & Strong, S. (2008). The Positive Aspects of Being a Lesbian or Gay Man. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39, 210-217.
    Russell, G. M., & Richards, J. A. (2003). Stressor and Resilience Factors for Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals Confronting Antigay Politics. American journal of community psychology, 31, 313-328.
    Sandfort, T. G., Bakker, F., Schellevis, F., & Vanwesenbeeck, I. (2009). Coping Styles as Mediator of Sexual Orientation-Related Health Differences. Archives of sexual behavior, 38, 253-263.
    Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Positive Psychology: An Introduction: Springer.
    Slangen-De Kort, Y. A., Midden, C. J., Aarts, H., & Van Wagenberg, F. (2001). Determinants of Adaptive Behavior among Older Persons: Self-Efficacy, Importance, and Personal Dispositions as Directive Mechanisms. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 53, 253-274.
    Smith, M., Wethington, E., & Zhan, G. (1996). Self‐Concept Clarity and Preferred Coping Styles. Journal of personality, 64, 407-434.
    Spielberger, C. D. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Stai (Form Y)(" Self-Evaluation Questionnaire").
    Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2016). The Role of Sexual Orientation in School-Based Victimization: A Meta-Analysis. Youth & society, 48, 176-201.
    Troiden, R. R. (1979). Becoming Homosexual: A Model of Gay Identity Acquisition. Psychiatry, 42, 362-373.
    Vaughan, M. D., & Rodriguez, E. M. (2014). Lgbt Strengths: Incorporating Positive Psychology into Theory, Research, Training, and Practice. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1, 325-334.
    Webster, D. M., & Kruglanski, A. W. (1994). Individual Differences in Need for Cognitive Closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1049-1062.
    Westman, M., & Shirom, A. (1995). Dimensions of Coping Behavior: A Proposed Conceptual Framework. Anxiety, stress, and coping, 8, 87-100.
    Wu, C.-h., & Yao, G. (2006). Analysis of Factorial Invariance across Gender in the Taiwan Version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1259-1268.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103752013
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    201301.pdf2196KbAdobe PDF0View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback