English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 81064/110492 (73%)
造訪人次 : 20988130      線上人數 : 575
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/115826


    題名: 公共財實驗的合作與競爭
    Cooperation and Competition in Public Goods Experiment
    作者: 李孟庭
    Lee, MengTing
    貢獻者: 徐麗振
    李孟庭
    Lee, MengTing
    關鍵詞: 公共財實驗
    每人邊際報酬
    組內競爭
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2018-02-05 16:01:09 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究進行公共財捐獻實驗,共分為三個組別進行,分別給定受試者不同的每人邊際報酬 (marginal per capita returns, i.e., MPCR),觀察受試者的捐獻決策與最終實驗結果會有何差異。而在實驗中受試者彼此處於組內競爭的關係,在每回合的捐獻決策後,組員彼此以多數決投票的方式決定一位組員出局,因此最終能獲得共同帳戶點數者僅有最後的贏家一人。本實驗共有四個發現,第一:α相同組中所有組員MPCR皆為0.5,實驗結果顯示每位組員的平均捐獻率並無顯著差異。第二:在受試者α不同的組別中,受試者的MPCR不盡相同,而具有高MPCR的組員平均捐獻率較低,而具有低MPCR的組員平均捐獻率較高。第三:在組員的投票決策方面,在α皆異組中六位組員的MPCR皆不相同,而每個階段的實驗中,組員的出局順序呈現由MPCR最高至低,最後反而是MPCR低的組員獲勝的機會最高。α兩同組中則是六位組員MPCR兩兩相同,實驗結果顯示MPCR處於整組中間的組員佔據較高勝率。第四:不論是哪個組別的實驗,都顯示隨著實驗的進行,受試者的平均捐獻率皆呈現逐漸下降的趨勢,此結果和未競爭的公共財實驗相同。
    參考文獻: Andreoni, J. (1988), “Why Free Ride? Strategies and Learning in Public Goods Experiments,” Journal of Public Economics 37, 291-304.
    Andreoni, J. (1990), “Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving,” Economic Journal 100, 464-477.
    Andreoni, J. and J.H. Miller (1993), “Rational Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma: Experimental Evidence,” Economic Journal 103, 570-585.
    Andreoni, J. (1995), “Cooperation in Public-Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?” The American Economics Review 85, 891-904.
    Bagnoli, M. and M. McKee (1991), “Voluntary Contribution Games: Efficient Private Provision of Public Goods,” Economic Inquiry 29, 351-366.
    Clark, K. and M. Sefton (2001), “The Sequential Prisoner’s Dilemma: Evidence on Reciprocation,” Economic Journal 111, 51-58.
    Croson, Rachel T.A. (1996), “Partners and Strangers Revisited,” Economics Letters 53, 25–32.
    Croson, Rachel T.A. (1998), “Theories of Altruism and Reciprocity: Evidence from Linear Public Goods Games.” Working paper, The Wharton School.
    Davis, D and Holt, (1993), Experimental Economics (Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ).
    Ernst Fehr and Simon Gachter (2000), “Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments.” American Economic Review 90, 980-994.
    Fisher, Joseph, R. Isaac, J. Schatzberg and J. Walker (1995), “Heterogeneous Demand for Public Goods: Behavior in the Voluntary Contributions Mechanism,” Public Choice 85, 249-266.
    Harrison, Glenn W. and Jack Hirshleifer (1989), “An Experimental Evaluation of Weakest link/Best Shot Models of Public Goods,” Journal of Political Economy 97, 201-225.
    Isaac, R. M., K. McCue and C. Plott (1985), “Public Goods Provision in Experimental Environment,” Journal of Public Economics 26, 51-74.
    Isaac, R.M. and J.M. Walker (1988), “Group Size Effect in Public Goods Provision: The Voluntary Contributions Mechanism,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 103, 179-199.
    James W. Julian and Franklyn A. Perry (1967), “Cooperation Contrasted with Intra-group and Inter-group Competition,” Sociometry 30, 79-90.
    Jack Hirshleifer (1983), “From Weakest Link to Best Shot: The Voluntary Provision of Public Goods, Public Choice 41, 371-386.
    Kreps, D.M., P. Milgrom, J. Robert, and R. Wilson (1982), “Rational Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoners’ Dilemma,” Journal of Economics Theory 27, 245-252.
    Kim, O. and M. Walker (1984), “The Free Rider Problem: Experimental Evidence,” Public Choice 43, 3-24.
    Marwell, G. and R.E. Ames (1979), “Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods Ⅰ: Resources, Interest, Group Size, and the Free Rider Problem,” American Journal of Sociology 84, 1335-1360.
    Marwell, G. and R.E. Ames (1981), “Economists Free Ride, Does Anyone Else?” Journal of Public Economics 15, 295-310.
    Palfrey, T.R. and Prisbrey, J.E. (1996), “Altruism, Reputation, and Noise in Linear Public Goods Experiments,” Journal of Public Economics 61, 409-427.
    Steven D. Levitt (2003), “Testing Theories of Discrimination: Evidence from “Weakest Link”,” NBER Working paper, NO. 9949.
    L. C. Thomas (2003), “The Best Banking Strategy when Playing the Weakest Link,” The Journal of Operational Research Society 7, 747-750.
    Warr, P.G. (1982), “Pareto Optimal Redistribution and Private Charity,” Journal of Public Economics 19, 131-138.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政學系
    104255005
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1042550051
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[財政學系] 學位論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    005101.pdf1387KbAdobe PDF53檢視/開啟


    在政大典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋