本文以厄瓜多為例討論生物探勘與生物剽竊的互動問題，並闡述生物探勘的正面意義，及釐清剽竊保護的疑慮。 Fears around bioprospecting have brought as a result that many multi-diverse countries have lost opportunities for innovation and industry development. Therefore, it is essential that biodiverse rich countries work on eliminating the ghosts surrounding bioprospecting. In this regard, it is important to make a clear distinction between bioprospecting and biopiracy. Furthermore, it is fundamental to highlight the benefits and value of bioprospecting for innovation and the generation of new products in fields such as health, food, cosmetics, biotechnology, etc. In this way, biodiversity rich would be able to promote bioprospecting as a key element for innovation and development.