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Bannermen Governors in the Qing Dynasty
Bannermen Governors of qing Dynasty;qing's inheritance of Ming system;Governors System;Civil-Military Transfer;Number of Governors Personnel between Bannermen and Han Chinese
|Issue Date: ||2017-10-31 14:50:23 (UTC+8)|
This paper aimed to study trends and features of qing dynasty, such the number of the Bannermen ( qiren, 旗人) as Governors, the path of promotion to be Governors and the promotion after their Governors' term, through quantization method. And this paper will discuss how the rulers of Qing dynasty to manipulate the Governor system. Manchu rulers have taken the political system of Ming dynasty, such as the Civil Administration system which was led by Governor-General and Governor, because Manchus are ruling China as a regime with external originate, thus they have to seek a way to stabilize and promote their governance. Yet, how did they maintain their stabilized ruling while adopt Han Chinese's Governor System? It's all about the Bannermen plays the crucial part. Commission of Governors is subjected to change based on the ruling mentality, personnel policies and the difference of regions. In such process, the Bannermen have become maneuverable part of the Manchu Ruler to meet his need. Ruler is able to maneuver and take advantage of the Governor System by the Commission of Governors. Governors are the agent of the Emperor in local area, and it does meet the need of Rulers to have the Bannermen as his representative to rule and supervise his country. We can also note that Governors of strategic area and key population area are exclusively to the Bannermen. Yet, in order to stabilize his rule, Manchu regime have to subject to cooperate with local forces, by assigning key position to Han Bannermen or Han Chinese. Past researches have taken Qing's inheritance of Ming system as the key of success of Qing's ruling, but this paper revealed it wasn't so simple. Behind the inheritance, the participation of the Bannermen, the mentality and personnel policy of Manchu ruler are the key of success of this system.
|Relation: ||國立政治大學歷史學報, 46, 1-56|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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