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    題名: 後共中亞婦女地位之研究
    A study of women's status in post-soviet central asia
    作者: 賴祐平
    Lai, Yu Ping
    貢獻者: 林永芳
    Lin, Yung Fang
    賴祐平
    Lai, Yu Ping
    關鍵詞: 中亞婦女
    中亞婦女解放運動
    父權制
    傳統主義復甦
    伊斯蘭教
    Central asian women
    Emancipation of central asian women
    Patriarchy
    Re-emergence of traditionalism
    Islam
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-09-13 15:32:45 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文運用結合資本主義和父權制的雙系統理論探究中亞婦女地位之現況。文中首先以歷史脈絡回顧中亞婦女地位,探討從蘇聯統治前到後共時期婦女地位之轉變。第二部份則接續探討下列問題:

    蘇聯政府在中亞地區進行的婦女解放運動,帶給中亞婦女地位什麼樣的影響?

    蘇聯瓦解後,中亞五國政府對婦女的態度是否和蘇聯一致?

    中亞五國獨立後之轉型經濟是否對其婦女地位有影響?

    婦女在後共時期的地位又是如何?

    蘇聯瓦解後,中亞五國面臨的轉型經濟,以及傳統主義的復甦皆使中亞婦女的地位面臨困境。再者,父權制統治仍深植於中亞社會,新的統治者利用中亞傳統和伊斯蘭文化、習俗鞏固權力以及進行國家建立,這樣的情況不利於中亞婦女地位,迫使中亞婦女受限於傳統性別模式。
    By applying the dual-system theory, combining capitalism and patriarchy, this study aims to explore women’s status in post-Soviet Central Asia. The first section of the study focuses on the historical context of Central Asian women’s status, starting from pre-Soviet to post-Soviet period. The second section discusses the following research questions:

    How did the female emancipation in Central Asia, which was undertaken by the soviet government, affect Central Asian women’s status?

    Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, have the governments of the five Central Asian countries held the same attitude toward women as the soviet government?

    After the five Central Asian countries became independent, did the transition economy affect women’s status?

    What is Central Asian women’s status in the post-Soviet period?

    After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Central Asian countries have faced the dilemma of transition economy and re-emergence of Traditionalism. Furthermore, patriarchy is deeply rooted in Central Asian society. The new governors consolidate their power and process State-building via the traditional and Islamic practices and customs, which forces Central Asian women into limited traditional gender roles.
    參考文獻: 一、 中文部分
    (一) 專書、專書篇章
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    (二) 學位論文
    茅慧青,《蘇聯婦女地位之研究》,台北:國立政治大學東亞研究所碩士論文,1986。
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    二、 英文部分
    (一) 專書、專書篇章
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    Kamp, M. (2006). The New Women in Uzbekistan: Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling Under Communism. the United State of America : The University of Washington Press.

    Kamp, M. (2014). Women-initiated Unveiling: State-led campaigns in Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. In S. Cronin (Ed.), Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernis m and the Politics of dress (pp. 205-228). New York: Routledge.

    Khalid, A. (2007). Islam after Communism Religious and Politics in Central Asia (pp. 126-127). London: University of California Press.
    Kuehnast, K. & Nechemias, C. (2004). Introduction: Women Navigating Change in Post-Soviet Currents. In Kuehnast, K. & Nechemias, C. (Eds.), Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: Nation Building, Economic Survival and Civil Activism (p. 4). Washington D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

    Lapidus, G. W. (1978). Women in Soviet Society: Equality, Development and Social Change. California: University of California Press.

    Leahy, M. E. (1986). Development strategies and the status of women: a comparative study of the United States, Mexico, the Soviet Union, and Cuba. (pp. 11-13). Colorado: L. Rienner Publishers.

    Massell, G. J. (1974). The Surrogate Proletariat: Moslem Women and Revolutionary Strategies in Soviet Central Asia, 1919-1929. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    McChesney, R. D. (1996). Central Asia: Foundations of Change. (p.4) Princeton: The Darwin Press, Inc.

    Mcmann, K. M. (2004). The Civic Realm in Kyrgyzstan: Soviet Economic Legacies and Activities’ Expectations. In P. J. Luong (Ed.), The Transformation of Central Asia: States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence (pp. 214, 223). Cornell: Cornell University Press.

    Olcott, M. B. (1991). Women and Society in Central Asia. In W. Fierman (Ed.), Soviet Central Asia: The Failed Transformation (pp. 247-248). Colorado: Westview Press.

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    (三) 學術期刊
    Aminova, A., Sujud, J. & Musayev, R. (2010). Bride Kidnapping Returns in Central Asia. Central Asia Online.

    Cleuziou, J. (2016) ‘A second wife is not really a wife’: polygyny, gender relations and economic realities in Tajikistan. Central Asian Survey, 35 (1), 70-96.

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    Kamp, M. (October 2016). The Soviet Legacy and Women’s Rights in Central Asia. Current History, 105 (783), 273.

    Kasymova, S. (2006). The Tajik Society: Tradition and the Practice of Polygamy. Vestnik Yevrazii, 4, 97-155.

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    Kuehnast, K. (1998) From Pioneer to Entrepreneurs: Young Women, Consumerism, and the ‘World Picture’ in Kyrgyzstan. Central Asia Survey, 17 (4), 639-654.

    Kleinbach, R. (2003). ‘Frequency of non-consensual bride kidnapping in the Kyrgyz Republic’. International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 8 (1), 108-128.

    Kleinbach, R., Mehrigiul, M. & Aitieva, M. (2005). Kidnapping for marriage (ala kachuu) in a Kyrgyz village. Central Asia Survey, 24 (2), 198.


    Lubin, N. (1981). Women in Soviet Central Asia: Progress and Contradictions. Soviet Studies, 33 (2), 182-203.

    Omelicheva, M. Y. (2011). Islam in Kazakhstan: A Study of Contemporary Trends and Sources of Secuitization. Central Asia Survey, 30 (2), 243-256.

    Radford, D. (2014) Contesting and Negotiating Religion and Ethnic Identity in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Central Asian Survey, 33 (1), 15-28.

    Rather, F. A. (2013). Status of Women in Soviet Women in Soviet Central Asia: A Case Study of Tajik Women, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 3, 1-3.

    Werner, C. (2009). Bride Abduction in Post-Soviet Central Asia, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 15, 314-331.

    (四) 國際組織報告
    Asian Development Bank. (n.d.) Uzbekistan Country Gender Assessment: Gender and Development/ Central and West Asia/ 2014. Manila: Asian Development Bank). Retrieved 18 April, 2017, from: https://www.adb.org/documents/uzbekistan-country-gender-assessment-2014

    Bassiuoni, S. (n.d.). Briefing Note on the Situation of Women in Central Asia. United Nations: Division for Gender Equality Office of the Director-General.


    Committee on the Convention on the Elimination of All Discrimination Against Women. (2 June, 2006). Concluding Comments on Turkmenistan.

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    Non-government Organization of Tajikistan. (2006). Tajikistan: Shadow Report on the Realization of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forums of Discrimination against Women. Dushanbe: Non-government Organization of Tajikistan. Retrieved 5 June, 2017, from: http://www.untj.net/index.php?option=com_phocadownload&view=category&download=562:cedaw-alternative-report-october-2006-eng&id=103:international-obligations&Itemid=746.

    Shahriari, H., et al. (2009) Improving Women’s Access to Land and Financial Resources in Tajikistan. Dushanbe: World Bank report.

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    (五) 網路資源
    Amankulov, J. (n.d.). Ending Violence against Women. Retrieved 16 June, 2017, from UN Women: Europe and Central Asia: http://eca.unwomen.org/en/where-we-are/kazakhstan-multi-country-office/ending-violence-against-women.

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    Human Rights Watch. (12 January, 2017). Central Asia: Make Improving Rights A Priority, End Torture;Respect Basic Freedom. Retrieved 17 June, 2017, from: https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/01/12/central-asia-make-improving-rights-priority.

    Margolis, H. (May, 2017). Kyrgyzstan: New Domestic Violence Law: Government Moves to Improve to Response to Abuse. Retrieved 6 June, 2017, from: https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/05/10/kyrgyzstan-new-domestic-violence-law.

    Najibullah, F. (8 March, 2010) Do Central Asia’s Gender Quotas Help or Hurt Women? Retrieved 11 June, 2017, from: Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty, https://www.rferl.org/a/Do_Central_Asias_Gender_Quotas_Help_Or_Hurt_Women/1977535.html.

    National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. (2012).

    Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty. (2011, January 26). Tajikistan Complicates Marriage Between Foreigners, Tajik Women. Retrieved 5 June, 2017, from: https://www.rferl.org/a/tajikistan_marriage_foreigners_women/2288545.html.

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    Shimomura, N., Conlievich, E., Alexeeva, N. & Samek, V. (March, 2017). Joint Statement by Norimasa Shimomura, Resident Coordinator of the United Nations in the Republic of Kazakhstan, Elaine Conkievich, UN Women Representative in Central Asia, Natalia Alexeeva, Head of United Nations Environment Programme Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia Vlastimil Samek Representative of Department of Public Information on the Occasion of International Women’s Day. Retrieved 24 April, 2017, from UNDP Kazakhstan: http://www.kz.undp.org/content/kazakhstan/en/home/presscenter/speeches/2017/03/07/joint-statement-by-norimasa-shimomura-resident-coordinator-of-the-united-nations-in-the-republic-of-kazakhstan-elaine-conkievich-un-women-representative-in-central-asia.html.

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    WomanStats Project. (n.d.) Discrepant Government Dehavior Concerning Women: Scaled 2015. Retrieved 25 March, 2017, from: http://womanstats.org/.

    三、 俄文部分
    (一) 專書、專書篇章
    Алимова, Д. А., Женский Вопрос: В Средней Азии История Изучения и Современные Проблемы. (1994). Ташкент: 《ФАН》Академия наука республики Узбекистан.

    (二) 期刊、雜誌
    Правда. (15 February, 1956).

    (三) 網路資源
    В Парламенте Кыргызстана Хотели Бы Узаконить Многоженство. (27 March, 2017). Retrieved 17 June, 2017, from Отдел Новостей и СМИ Радио ООН: http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/russian/archives/244358/#.WUTjn4V-WaM.

    В КР Вновь Предлагают Узаконить Многоженство. (17 June, 2017). Retrieved 17 June, 2017, from Радио Азаттык: https://rus.azattyk.org/a/27111670.html.

    Национальный Статистический Комитет Кыргызской Республики. (n.d.) Численность Занятого Население по Полу и Возрасту. Retrieved 3 April, 2017, from:http://stat.kg/en/statistics/zanyatost/.

    Салимов, Х. (2013). Надомничество- Удобная Форма Труда (Национальное Информационное Агентство Узбекистана. Retrieved 21 April, 2017, from Национальное Информационное Агентство Узбекистана: http://uza.uz/ru/society/nadomnichestvo-udobnaya-forma-truda-13.02.2013-22271.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    俄羅斯研究所
    102263002
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102263002
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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