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    題名: 新聞中的難民危機與閱聽人詮釋:以德國科隆大規模性騷擾事件為例
    News representation and audience interpretation : the case of Cologne massive sexual assaults in Germany
    作者: 吳映璠
    Wu, Ying Fan
    貢獻者: 王淑美
    Wang, Sumei
    吳映璠
    Wu, Ying Fan
    關鍵詞: 難民
    科隆性騷擾事件
    新聞再現
    閱聽人詮釋
    Refugee crisis
    Cologne sexual assaults
    News representation
    Audience interpretation
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-09-13 15:04:11 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究欲達成以下兩項目標:1. 探究德國新聞媒體如何再現難民議題;2. 探究德國本地學生及在德國的國際學生如何詮釋難民議題。
    研究者使用內容分析法及批判論述分析法檢視德國之聲英文版網站文章,以2015年跨年夜科隆大規模性騷擾事件為探究案例,一共檢視123篇報導。研究成果和過去研究一致,發現難民報導多呈現特定負面主題,例如聚焦遣返難民的討論,或者強調穆斯林文化是造成性騷擾事件的主因。然而,本研究也發現不少報導呼籲讀者保持理性,避免將性騷擾事件和難民議題混為一談。相較之下,德國之聲在報導難民議題時,呈現較多元的主題。
    本研究第二部份關注閱聽人如何詮釋難民議題,以及哪些因素會影響閱聽人形塑對難民議題的看法。研究者於2016年在德國進行5組焦點團體訪談,訪談對象涵蓋德國學生、中東學生、歐洲學生及亞洲學生。研究發現,新聞報導、個人的邏輯思考、日常生活中的談話,以及個人和難民的互動經驗都會影響閱聽人對難民議題的看法,尤其互動經驗能夠幫助閱聽人扭轉先前對難民的既定印象,然而若牽涉到安全議題,閱聽人對難民的態度仍會受制於新聞中所呈現的印象。閱聽人在接觸新聞的過程中,不只是被動地接收訊息,研究發現,閱聽人時而接受這樣的新聞再現,時而立基於自身經驗,抗拒新聞訊息,呈現出不斷協商的過程。
    Based on my first-hand experiences in Germany, this study aims to explore the relationship between the news representation of the European refugee crisis and the audience interpretation. This study first illustrates how German news media, Deutsche Welle, reported on the refugee crisis. Then, it explores the influences of the reports on the interpretation of audience and whether there were other sources of information used when they formulated their opinions on the refugee issues. In particular, this study puts an emphasis on the effects of interactions with refugees on people’s attitudes. To achieve the first objective, both content analysis and critical discourse analysis are employed to explore the portrayals of refugee in the news. The study especially focuses on the case of sexual assaults took place in Cologne on the New Year’s Eve of 2015. It is revealed that the refugees were generally associated with negative images. News reports tended to focus on the discussion of deporting refugees and to emphasize the numbers of the coming people. However, these news articles also presented relatively neutral attitude of the experts and highlighted the problematic situation refugees faced. The findings show that Deutsche Welle fairly reported on the refugee issue with various aspects.
    To discover how people interpret the refugee crisis, this study conducts five focus group discussions with students in Germany of different ethnic and nationality. In particular, the participants of the group discussions include local Germans, Europeans, Middle-Eastern people, and Asians. It is found that people’s attitudes toward refugees were influenced not only by news, but also by their logic, opinions of their surroundings, and their own personal experiences. Their personal experiences usually helped counteract the negative impressions of refugee. However, the effects of news portrayals sometimes exceeded that of personal experiences, especially when facing the safety issue. This study reveals a continued negotiation between the news and the audiences.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際傳播英語碩士學位學程(IMICS)
    102461002
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102461002
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際傳播英語碩士學程] 學位論文

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