News representation and audience interpretation : the case of Cologne massive sexual assaults in Germany
Wu, Ying Fan
Wu, Ying Fan
Cologne sexual assaults
|上傳時間: ||2017-09-13 15:04:11 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||本研究欲達成以下兩項目標：1. 探究德國新聞媒體如何再現難民議題；2. 探究德國本地學生及在德國的國際學生如何詮釋難民議題。|
Based on my first-hand experiences in Germany, this study aims to explore the relationship between the news representation of the European refugee crisis and the audience interpretation. This study first illustrates how German news media, Deutsche Welle, reported on the refugee crisis. Then, it explores the influences of the reports on the interpretation of audience and whether there were other sources of information used when they formulated their opinions on the refugee issues. In particular, this study puts an emphasis on the effects of interactions with refugees on people’s attitudes. To achieve the first objective, both content analysis and critical discourse analysis are employed to explore the portrayals of refugee in the news. The study especially focuses on the case of sexual assaults took place in Cologne on the New Year’s Eve of 2015. It is revealed that the refugees were generally associated with negative images. News reports tended to focus on the discussion of deporting refugees and to emphasize the numbers of the coming people. However, these news articles also presented relatively neutral attitude of the experts and highlighted the problematic situation refugees faced. The findings show that Deutsche Welle fairly reported on the refugee issue with various aspects.
To discover how people interpret the refugee crisis, this study conducts five focus group discussions with students in Germany of different ethnic and nationality. In particular, the participants of the group discussions include local Germans, Europeans, Middle-Eastern people, and Asians. It is found that people’s attitudes toward refugees were influenced not only by news, but also by their logic, opinions of their surroundings, and their own personal experiences. Their personal experiences usually helped counteract the negative impressions of refugee. However, the effects of news portrayals sometimes exceeded that of personal experiences, especially when facing the safety issue. This study reveals a continued negotiation between the news and the audiences.
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