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    題名: 撒哈拉以南非洲地區的非法天然資源貿易:脆弱的中央政府如何使國家更依賴資源收入
    Illegitimate Trade of Natural Resources in SSA: Fragile States and Resource Dependency
    作者: 班艾薇
    Banda, France-Elvie
    貢獻者: 如大維
    David J. Lorenzo
    班艾薇
    France-Elvie Banda
    關鍵詞: 自然資源詛咒
    剛果民主共和國
    礦產衝突
    Natural Resource Curse
    Democratic Republic of Congo
    Conflict Mineral
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-08-10 10:18:34 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本篇論文透過國家脆弱程度與資源依賴之間的關係之研究以檢視資源詛咒。本論文寫作之目的在於探究即便國際社會逐漸增加對於透明性之訴求的情況下,撒哈拉以南非洲地區之非法自然資源貿易仍存在之緣由。文章主要討論三個問題:第一、國家脆弱程度是否對撒哈拉以南非洲地區國家之非法自然資源剝削造成影響?第二、在剛果的鈳鉭鐵礦貿易對於非法自然資源貿易透露出什麼訊息?第三、中國是如何對剛果開採的鈳鉭鐵礦之國際貿易造成影響?為找出上述問題之答案,本文運用了綜合的研究方法。以跨時間序列的回歸研究設計套用於49個撒哈拉以南非洲地區國家,用以解釋下述兩個變項之關係:IV代表脆弱國家指數、DV代表出口與服務占國內生產毛額之百分比。一項與波札那鑽石產業有關之剛果鈳鉭鐵礦貿易之個案研究,為非法貿易、來源、路線以及生存工具提供了更深入的觀察視野。最後,本文認為衰弱的中央政府,以及國際的漏洞使得自然資源的非法貿易成為可能。
    This thesis examines the resource curse through a study of the relationship between state fragility and resource dependency. The purpose of this thesis is to uncover why illegitimate trade of natural resources occur in Sub-Saharan Africa, despite greater international push for transparency. 3 main questions are posed; 1. Does state fragility impact illegitimate natural resource exploitation in SSA countries? 2. What information does the coltan trade in Congo reveal about illegitimate trade of natural resources? 3. How has the Chinese Gateway impacted the international trade of Congolese mined coltan? To answer these set of questions, a mixed methods research approach is employed. A cross times series regression research design with a data set of 49 SSA countries is used to identify and explain the relationship between two variables IV: Fragile State Index and DV: Exports and Services (% of GDP). A case study on the coltan trade in Congo in relation to Botswana’s Diamond Industry, provides a closer look at illegitimate trade, its sources, routes and means of survival. Ultimately this thesis argues that weakened central governments, along with international loopholes enables the illegitimate trade of natural resources.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程 (IMPIS)
    104862021
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104862021
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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