The prospects of Taiwan's foreign aid: a comparison with South Korea
Cheng, Yu Ching
Lee, Pai Po
Cheng, Yu Ching
|上傳時間: ||2017-07-24 12:18:59 (UTC+8)|
This study intended to identify the importance of foreign aid to Taiwan while South Korea served as a benchmark due to their high-level of similarity in developmental history. The focus was their donor behaviors in recent years and a literature review was conducted to understand related concepts and the two nations’ aid experiences. The goal of this project was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of Taiwanese aid so as to look into its future prospects. A qualitative method was adopted through semi-structured interviews with diplomacy professors and aid practitioners. South Korea pivots to certain developing countries for their economic value, while diplomacy has been Taiwan’s top priority. Developmental success and human resources are Taiwan's strengths but its overemphasis on diplomacy, deteriorating economy, and wavering ties with China cause obstacles. A review of South Korean aid along with the interviewee’s response suggest several ways to improve: building a multidimensional aid system, seeking economic opportunities, forming public-private partnerships, stabilizing cross-strait ties, boosting economic recovery, and pursuing a win-win. The research findings shed light on Taiwan’s aid conditions and offer valuable policy recommendations.
|參考文獻: ||Akramov, K. T. (2012). Foreign Aid Allocation, Governance, and Economic Growth. University of Pennsylvania Press.|
American Foreign Policy Council. (1992). Modernizing Foreign Assistance: Resource Management As An Instrument of Foreign Policy. Westport: Praeger.
Asian Development Bank. (2012). The Saemaul Undong Movement in the Republic of Korea: Sharing Knowledge on Community-Driven Development.
Balogun, P. (2005). Evaluating Progress Towards Harmonisation. London: Department for International Development. (Working Paper, 15.)
Boone, P. (1996). Politics and the Effectiveness of Foreign Aid. European Economic Review, No. 5308, pp. 289-329.
Breuning, M. (2002). Foreign Aid, Development Assistance, or Development Cooperation: What's in a Name? International Politics, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 369-377.
Brookings Institution. (2010). A New Aid Model for the 21st Century. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2010/11/15/a-new-aid-model-for-the-21st-century/
Cato Institute. (2009). Foreign Aid and Economic Development. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, Vol. 7, pp. 655-670.
Celia W, Dugger. (2011). “Maternal Deaths Focus Harsh Light on Uganda.” The New York Times, July 29.
Chenery, H. B. and Strout, A. M. (1966). Foreign assistance and economic development. American Economic Review, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 679-733.
Chien, S., Yang, T., & Wu, Y. (2010). Taiwan's Foreign Aid and Technical Assistance in the Marshall Islands. Asian Survey, Vol. 50, No. 6, pp. 1184-1204.
Chun, Hong-Min, E. N. Munyi, and H. Lee. (2010). South Korea as an emerging donor: Challenges and changes on its entering OECD/DAC. Journal of International Development, Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 788-802.
Committee for International Development Cooperation (CIDC). (2014). Korea's official development assistance white paper: Opening a new era of happiness for all humanity.
Congressional Budget Office (CBO). (1997). The Role of Foreign Aid in Development. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office.
Crawford, Gordon. (2001). Foreign Aid and Political Reform: A comparative Analysis of Democracy Assistance and Political Conditionality. New York: Palgrave.
Development Alliance Korea (DAK). (2017). Concept: What is DAK.
Domar, E. D. (1946). Capital Expansion, Rate of Growth, and Employment. Econometrica, Vol. 14, pp. 137-147.
Doucouliagos, H., and Paldam, M. (2008). Aid Effectiveness on Growth: A Meta Study. European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 1-24.
Feyzioglu, T., V. Swaroop, and M. Zhu. (1998). A Panel Data Analysis of the Fungibility of Foreign Aid. The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 29-58.
Fidrmuc, J., Kostagianni, S. (2015), Impact of IMF Assistance on Economic Growth Revisited. Economics and Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 32-40.
Frey, B. S., & Al-Roumi, A. (1999). Political democracy and the physical quality of life: the cross-national evidence. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 73-97.
Friedman, M. (1958). Foreign Economic Aid: Means and Objectives. Yale Review, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 500-515.
Gray, Kevin. (2014). U.S. Aid and Uneven Development in East Asia. ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 656, No. 1, pp. 41-58.
Fuchs, A., Dreher, A., and Nunnenkamp, P. (2013). Determinants of Donor Generosity: A Survey of the Aid Budget Literature. World Development, Vol. 56, pp.
Harrod, R. F. (1939). An Essay in Dynamic Theory. Economic Journal, Vol. 49, No. 193, pp.14-33.
Hughes, H. (2003). Trade Or Aid? Which Benefits Developing Countries More? Economic Papers: A Journal of Applied Economics and Policy, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 1-19.
International Cooperation and Development Fund. (2016). 2015 Taiwan ICDF Annual Report.
InsideGov. (2016). U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants to Taiwan and South Korea. http://us-foreign aid.insidegov.com/l/171/Taiwan
Kaul, I., P. Conceicao, K. Le. Goulven, and R. U. Mendoza. (2003). Providing Global Public Goods: Managing Globalization. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kiely, Kathy. (2001). “Importance of Foreign Aid Is Hitting Home.” USA TODAY, December 3.
Kimura, H., et al. (2012). Aid Proliferation and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis. World Development, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 1-10.
Kodama, M. (2012). Aid Unpredictability and Economic Growth. World Development, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 266-272.
Korea International Cooperation Agency. (2011). 20 Years of KOICA.
Korea Joongang Daily. (2010). Saemaul concepts to be part of Korea ODA.
Korean Saemaulundong Center. (2016). SMU in Korea.
Kosack, Stephen. (2003). Effective Aid: How Democracy Allows Development Aid to Improve the Quality of Life. World Development, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 1-22.
Krueger, Anne O. (1989). Aid and Development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lee, M. (2016). KOICA Strategy for Rural and Agricultural Development. The Second Asian Local Governments for Organic Agriculture (ALGOA) Summit.
Lee, P. P. (2016). Managing International Development and Cooperation. Great Coronora Press.
Minato, Kunio. (2015). Comparing Public Attitudes towards Aid to Developing Countries between Traditional and Emerging Donors: The Case of Japan and Korea. Development Policy Review, Vol. 33, pp. 805-826.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Korea. (2014). 2014 Korea’s Official Development Assistance White Paper: Opening a New Era of Happiness for All Humanity.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China. (2009). White Paper on Foreign Aid Policy (Summary).
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China. (2015). International Cooperation and Development Report 2014.
Morss, E. R. (1984). Institutional destruction resulting from donor and project proliferation in Sub-Saharan African Countries. World Development, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 465-470.
Mosley, P. (1985). The Political Economy of Foreign Aid: A Model of the Market for a Public Good. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 373-393.
Moyo, D. (2009). Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is Another Way for Africa. London: Allen Lane.
National Development Council, ROC. (2016). Taiwan Statistical Book 2016.
OECD. (2003). Rome Declaration on Harmonisation. https://www.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/31451637.pdf
OECD. (2005). Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. https://www.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/parisdeclarationandaccraagendaforaction.htm
OECD. (2012). Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Peer Review 2012
OECD. (2013). Multilateral Aid Report. The Development Committee: Enabling Effective Development.
OECD. (2016a). Development Assistance Committee. http://www.oecd.org/dac/developmentassistancecommitteedac.htm
OECD. (2016b). Net ODA. https://data.oecd.org/oda/net-oda.htm
OECD. (2016c). Development Co-operation Report 2016. The Development Assistance Committee.
Pew Research Center. (2013). Opinion of Americans.
Potter, David M. (2012). Foreign Aid Competition in Northeast Asia. Bloomington: Kumarian Press.
Ravallion, M., & Chen, S. (2007). Absolute Poverty Measures For The Developing World, 1981-2004. World Bank Development Research Group, Vol. 104, No. 43.
Riddell, R. C. (2008). Does Foreign Aid Really Work? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sato, Jin, Hiroaki Shiga, Takaaki Kobayashi, and Hisahiro Kondoh. (2011). Emerging Donors from a Recipient Perspective: An Institutional Analysis of Foreign Aid in Cambodia. World Development, Vol. 39, No. 12.
Svensson, J. (1999). Aid, Growth and Democracy. Economics and Politics, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 275–297.
Taiwan Business TOPICS (by the American Chamber of Commerce). (2016). Taiwan's Diplomatic Dilemma. http://topics.amcham.com.tw/2016/02/taiwans-diplomatic-dilemma-2/
Taiwan Today. (2016). President Tsai Returns from Diplomatic Trip, Touts Steadfast Diplomacy. http://taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=246013&ctNode=2175
Tarnoff, Curt, and Marian Leonardo Lawson. (2016). Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.
Tarp, F., & Hjertholm, P. (2000). Foreign aid and development: Lessons learnt and directions for the future. London: Routledge.
Taylor, L., (1990). “A Three-Gap Model,” in Problems of Developing Countries in the 1990s. edited by F.D. McCarthy. Washington DC: World Bank.
Tubilewicz, Czelaw and Alain Guilloux. (2011). Does size matter? Foreign aid in Taiwan's diplomatic strategy, 2000-8. Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 65, No. 3, pp. 322-39.
Tubilewicz, C. (2015). State transformation and the domestic politics of foreign aid in Taiwan. The Pacific Review, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 45-66.
World Economic Forum. (2016). The Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017.