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    Title: 明清的巫醫關係與儀式醫療之研究
    Authors: 陳秀芬
    Contributors: 歷史學系
    Keywords: 巫者;醫者;儀式醫療;法律;明清;wu healer;shaman;physician;ritual healing;law;Ming-Qing China
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2017-07-17 16:38:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自古以來,中國的巫和醫之關係就十分緊密。隨著佛教的傳入、道教的興起,加上儒家的排擠,巫的活動範圍及生存空間多少受到限縮。然而,遲至近世時期,巫者仍在地方社會和醫療市場佔有一席之地。特別是對於下層百姓而言,巫一直是生病時的擇醫選項之一。由於明清帝國欠缺一套嚴密的醫學教育與醫者考核機制,大眾醫療向來處於自由發展的狀態;巫、醫之間不僅競爭激烈,有時甚至以相似的方式治病。本計畫欲提出、解答的問題包括:明清社會有為數不少的巫者從事醫療活動,他們活動的時間和地域為何?治病的對象包括哪些人?治病手法有何特色?另一方面,醫者對於巫有哪些觀點和批評?對於法律官員與地方士紳而言,他們又常以哪些手段來打壓巫者? Shaman (wu) had long been practicing ritual healings since the antiquity. Althought the existence of shaman was largely threatened owing to the flourishing developments of Buddhism and Daoism and the increasing domination of Confucianism in politics, it remained one of the options when the lay persons needed various helps in daily life. In the late imperial period, due to the lack of medical professionalization and qualification the medical markets were open and free to competition. As a result, shaman was able to compete not only with other religious healers, but Confucian doctors. Given by these historical hints this project is aimed at answering the following questions: When, where and how did the shaman treat the sick in Ming-Qing society? Who were their patrons/clients? Why did some of their ritual healings work? Meanwhile, what were contemporary doctors’ views of shaman? Last but not least, how did legal officials and local scholars react to the shaman’s ritual healings in late imperial China?
    Relation: 科技部
    102-2410-H-004-033
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[歷史學系] 國科會研究計畫

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