|題名: ||中國一帶一路倡議：空洞口號或有效政策? 新疆及福建之成果檢驗|
Chinese Belt and Road initiative: an empty slogan or effective policy? Analysis of actual results in Xinjiang and Fujian
Tsai, Mong Ting
Lu, Yeh Chung
Tsai, Mong Ting
Belt and Road
Silk Road Economic Belt
21st Century Maritime Silk Road
Vision and Action on Jointly Building the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road
|上傳時間: ||2017-07-03 14:46:29 (UTC+8)|
The Chinese-led Belt and Road Initiative (B&R) has received worldwide attention since its commencement. Apart from promoting economic exchange around the globe, analysts suggest that Beijing’s motives behind the policy also include tackling the developmental problems facing China. Therefore, this research focuses on the domestic effectiveness of the Belt and Road Initiative, presenting a reality check on whether the initiative helps China overcome the developmental obstacles such as limited energy sources, uneven distribution of wealth between the west and east, and oversupply in certain manufacturing industries. As the respective core areas to advance the Belt and Road, Xinjiang and Fujian are selected as the objects to examine the results of the initiative. While Beijing expects highly that the Belt and Road Initiative could bring solutions to China’s developmental bottleneck, this research suggests that the policy’s results in Xinjiang and Fujian is mixed – somewhere between insignificant and ineffective. In addition, the policy results in Xinjiang is relatively more fruitful than they are in Fujian, indicating that the design of the overland route seems to be Beijing’s major area of focus compared to the maritime Silk Road.
|參考文獻: ||Anonymous. “Fujian to Explore 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Opportunities.” China Go Abroad. http://www.chinagoabroad.com/en/article/fujian-to-explore-21st-century-maritime-silk-road-opportunities (accessed May 25, 2017).|
Anonymous. “Tuijin hexin qu jianshe jiangou kaifang xin geju” (推進核心區建設 建構開放新格局, Advancing the building of core area - constructing a new pattern for opening-up), http://www.jrxjnet.com/lb12/2015-06/05/content_299520.htm (accessed May 25, 2017).
Anonymous. 2015. "Where all Silk Roads Lead." The Economist. 415, no. 8933: 41. Apr 11. http://www.economist.com/news/china/21648039-through-fog-hazy-slogans-contours-chinas-vision-asia-emerge-where-all-silk-roads
Anonymous. 2015. “Yidai yilu dashiji” (一帶一路大事紀, The calendar of event of the One Belt One Road). Daluqiaoshiye (大陸橋視野, Continental Bridge Vision), 1: 23-23.
Anonymous. 2016. “China’s One Belt, One Road: Will It Reshape Global Trade?” Podcast from Mckingsey&Company. July. http://www.mckinsey.com/globalthemes/china/chinasonebeltoneroadwillitreshapeglobaltrade.
Anonymous. 2016. “Yidai yilu chao 11 sheng jin chu kou xiahua xinjiang jilin zui yanzhong” ("一帶一路"超11省進出口下滑 新疆、吉林最嚴重, More than 11 provinces face severe drop in import and export Xinjiang and Jilin are the two most serious provinces), China Economic Net (中國經濟網), January 26. http://district.ce.cn/zg/201601/06/t20160106_8076569.shtml.
Broadman, Harry G. 2016. “Will China's 'One Belt, One Road' Become A 'Bridge to Nowhere'?” Forbes, January 6. http://www.forbes.com/sites/harrybroadman/2016/01/06/will-chinas-one-belt-one-road-become-a-bridge-to-nowhere/#c8722a11de8c.
Bruce-Lockhart, Anna. 2016. “Why is China Building a New Silk Road,” World Economic Forum, June 26. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/why-china-is-building-a-new-silk-road?utm_content=bufferba30a&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer.
Chan, Bernard. “More than just a slogan: Hong Kong must tap opportunities in China’s ‘belt and road’ initiative,” South China Morning Post. http://app.scmp.com/scmp/mobile/index.html#/article/1863106/desktop (accessed May 25, 2017).
Chang, Felix K. 2016. “Who Benefits from China’s “One Belt, One Road” Initiative?” Foreign Policy Research Institute, October 3. http://www.fpri.org/2016/10/benefits-chinas-one-belt-one-road-initiative/.
Che, Yu-ming (車玉明) and Zhang, Zheng-fu (張正富). 2015. “Sichou zhi lu jingji dai hexin qu ruhe dazao? Huang Wei daibiao jianyi jiakuai jianshe jiaotong, nengyuan, tongxin san da tongdao” (絲綢之路經濟帶核心區如何打造? 黃衛代表建議加快建設交通、能源、通信三大通道, How to build the core area of Silk Road Economic Belt? Representative Huang Wei recommends facilitating the construction of three channels: transportation, energy, and communication). Xinhua Net, March 8. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2015lh/2015-03/08/c_1114562536.htm.
Chen, Yurong (陳玉榮), and Jiang, Yuchen (蔣宇晨). 2015. “’Yidai yilu’: communication of Chinese diplomatic idea” (一帶一路:中國外交理念的傳遞). Dangdai Shijie (當代世界, Contemporary World), (4), 14-17.
Cheng, Leonard. 2016. “Three Questions on China's ‘Belt and Road Initiative.’” China Economic Review, 40, 309-313.
Cheng, Yong (程勇). 2014. “Zhang Chunxian: dazao silu jingji dai wu ge zhongxin he san jidi yi tongdao” (張春賢：打造絲路經濟帶五個中心和三基地一通道,Zhang Chunxian: Building the five centers, three bases, and one channel of the Silk Road Economic Belt). China News, June 26. http://www.chinanews.com/gn/2014/06-26/6323595.shtml.
China-Britain Business Council. 2015. “One Belt One Road: A Role for UK companies in developing China’s new initiative - New Opportunities in China and Beyond.” September.
Djankov, Simeon, Hendrix Cullen S., Lawrence Robert Z., Miner Sean, Truman Edwin M., and Toohey Fedrick. 2016. “China’s Belt and Road Initiative Motives, Scope, and Challenges,” Peterson Institute for International Economics, March. https://piie.com/system/files/documents/piieb16-2_1.pdf.
Dodwell, David. 2015. “Reshaping the World Order through ‘One Belt, One Road.’” South China Morning Post, July 15. http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1839292/reshaping-world-order-through-one-belt-one-road.
Dodwell, David. 2015. “Rethinking ‘one belt, one road’, though doubts linger.’” South China Morning Post, July 29. http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1844796/rethinking-one-belt-one-road-though-doubts-linger.
Ferdinand, Peter. 2016. “Westward Ho—The China Dream and ‘One Belt, One Road’: Chinese Foreign Policy under Xi Jinping.” International Affairs, 92(4), 941-957.
Gaspers, Jan. 2016. “Germany Wants Europe to Help Shape China's Belt and Road Initiative,” THE DIPLOMAT, December 17. http://thediplomat.com/2016/12/germany-wants-europe-to-help-shape-chinas-belt-and-road-initiative/.
Godehardt, Nadine. 2016. “No End of History: A Chinese Alternative Concept of International Order?” Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs, January.
Godement, F., Bondaz, A., Cohen, D., Kratz, A., & Pantucci, R. 2015. “One Belt, One Road: China’s Great Leap Outward.” China Analysis, June 10.
Grieger, Gisela. 2016. “One Belt, One Road (B&R): China’s Regional Integration Initiative.” European Parliamentary Think Tank, July 7. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)586608.
Guy de Jonquières. 2016. “Xi Jinping’s long road to somewhere? China’s B&R initiative and how Europe should respond”, European Centre for International Political Economy, May. http://ecipe.org/publications/xi-jinpings-long-road-to-somewhere/.
He, Junming (何軍明). “Fujian canyu haishang silu jianshe de tiaozhan yu duice” (福建參與海上絲路建設的挑戰與對策, Challenge and Solutions of Fujian in participating in the Maritime Silk Road). China Opening Journal 179, no.2 (2015). http://www.cdi.com.cn/UploadFiles/pdf/coj/2015/02/2015_02_14.pdf.
Hornby, Lucy. 2015. "China's 'One Belt One Road' Plan Greeted with Caution." Financial Times, November 20. https://www.ft.com/content/5c022b50-78b7-11e5-933d-efcdc3c11c89.
Hossain, Moazzem. 2014. "One Belt, One Road: China Intensifies Economic Diplomacy." Financial Express, December 7. http://print.thefinancialexpress-bd.com/2014/12/07/69743.
Huang, Yiping. 2016. “Understanding China's Belt & Road Initiative: Motivation, framework and assessment.” China Economic Review. 40, 314-321.
Jia, Qingguo (賈慶國). 2015. “Dadan jiashe xuyao renzhen luoshi, yidai yilu ji dai nongqing he lunzheng de ji da wenti” (大膽假設需要認真落實，“一帶一路”亟待弄清和論證的幾大問題, Bold thinking needs earnest implementation, the questions related to B&R that await clarification and demonstration). Renmin Luntan (人民論壇, People’s Forum), March. http://theory.people.com.cn/n/2015/0330/c112851-26771579.html.
Kam, Stefanie. 2016. “Making China's 'One Belt, One Road' More Turkic,” THE DIPLOMAT, July 4. http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/making-chinas-one-belt-one-road-more-turkic/.
Li, Yongquan. Yidai Yilu” Lan Pi Shu –“Yidai Yilu” Jianshe Fazhan Baogao (一帶一路藍皮書－”一帶一路”建設發展報告, Blue Book of “the Belt and Road”- Annual Report on Development of “the Belt and Road” Construction). Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe (社會科學文獻出版社, Social Sciences Academic Press (China)), first edition, 2016.
Liu, Haiquan (劉海泉). 2015. “’Yidai yilu’ zhanlue de anquan tiaozhan yu zhongguo de xuanze” (一帶一路”戰略的安全挑戰與中國的選擇, The security challenges of B&R strategy and China’s choices). Taipingyang Xuebao (太平洋學報, Pacific Journal), 23(2), 72-79.
Liu, Linxiu (劉琳秀). 2015. “Yidai yilu beijing xia xinjiang mianlin de jiyu he tiaozhan” (“一帶一路”背景下新疆面臨的機遇和挑戰, The opportunities and challenges facing Xinjiang under the background of B&R), Thesis by Well-Versed Economist (中國權威經濟論文庫), June 15. http://220.127.116.11:93/modules/showContent.aspx?title=&Word=&DocGUID=8696391b86094e32a26149bdc7192555.
Luft, Gal. 2016. “China's Infrastructure Play: Why Washington Should Accept the New Silk Road.” Foreign Affairs, 95(5), 68.
Luft, Gal. 2016. “It Takes a Road - China’s One Belt One Road Initiative: An American Response to The New Silk Road,” Institute for the Analysis of Global Security, (November):10.
Mangin, Virginie. 2016. "China's Long and Winding New Silk Road." The Business Times. February 8.
Mao, Weihua and Cui, Jia. 2017. “Xinjiang to invest huge amount for highway network,” China Daily, January 18. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2017-01/18/content_27984032.htm.
Mao, Yanhua (毛豔華). 2015. “Yidai yilu dui quanqiu jingji zhili de jiazhi yu gongxian” (一帶一路”對全球經濟治理的價值與貢獻, B&R’s value and contribution to global governance). Renmin Luntan (人民論壇, People’s Forum), (9), 31-33.
Menon, Rhea. 2016. “The Challenges to China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ Initiative,” The Tribe Attache, April 11. http://tribeattache.com/2016/04/11/the-challenges-to-chinas-one-belt-one-road-initiative/.
Minnick, Wendell. 2015. “China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ Strategy.” Defence News, April 11. http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/2015/04/11/taiwan-china-one-belt-one-road-strategy/25353561/.
Overseas Chinese Affairs Office (中國僑務辦公室). 2014. “Fujian haiwai huaqiao huaren da 1512 wan ren cheng wu fangmian tedian” (福建海外華僑華人達1512萬人 呈五方面特點, Fujian’s overseas Chinese amount to 15.12 million people The five main characteristics of them). May 28. http://www.gqb.gov.cn/news/2014/0528/33149.shtml.
Parameswaran, Prashanth. 2015. “China's Plan For ASEAN-China Maritime Cooperation.” The DIPLOMAT, April 1. http://thediplomat.com/2015/04/chinas-plan-for-asean-china-maritime-cooperation/.
Pop, Irina Ionela. 2016. “Strengths and Challenges of China’s “One belt, One road” Initiative.” Centre for Geopolitics & Security in Realism Studies, February 9. http://www.cgsrs.org/files/files/publications_46.pdf.
Rose, Gideon. 1998."Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy." World Politics 51, no. 1 (1998): 144-72. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25054068.
Schaefer, Michael, Loesekrug-Pietri André, and Shen Wei. 2015. “It is in our interest to join Belt and Road strategy.” China Daily Europe, July 31. http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/epaper/2015-07/31/content_21459808.htm.
Shook, Benjamin. 2014. “Kashgar, Nanjiang,” China in Central Asia (blog), October 6. http://chinaincentralasia.com/2014/10/06/kashgar-nanjiang/.
Sneader, Kevin. 2016. “China’s One Belt, One Road: Will it reshape global trade?” McKinsey Insights Podcast, July. http://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/china/chinas-one-belt-one-road-will-it-reshape-global-trade.
Sun, Jingxin (孫敬鑫). 2015.”’Yidai yilu’ jianshe mianlin de guoji yulun huanjing” (一帶一路”建設面臨的國際輿論環境, The construction of B&R in the face of public opinion). Dangdai Shijie (當代世界, Contemporary World), (4), 18-20.
Swaine, Michael. 2015. “Chinese Views and Commentary on the ‘One Belt, One Road’ Initiative.” China Leadership Monitor, 47, 1-24.
Tao, Xie. 2015. “Is China's 'Belt and Road' a Strategy? When is a strategy not a strategy?“ THE DIPLOMAT, December 16. http://thediplomat.com/2015/12/is-chinas-belt-and-road-a-strategy/.
Thakur, Ravni. 2015. “One Belt, One Road: China’s New Strategic and Trade Policy,” Delhi Policy Group, September.
The National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China. 2015. “Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road” (推動共建絲綢之路經濟帶和21世紀海上絲綢之路的願景與行動). Foreign Languages Press, 1st edition. http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/newsrelease/201503/t20150330_669367.html.
Wu, Friedrich, Vidhya Logendran, and Wan Tin Wai. 2015. "A Double-Edged Sword." The International Economy 29, no. 2 (Spring, 2015): 68-69,91-92.
Yan, Hai-long (閆海龍). 2015. “Guan yu Xinjiang jianshe sichou zhi lu jingji dai hexin qu de ruogan sikao” (關於新疆建設“絲綢之路經濟帶”核心區的若干思考, Several thinking of how to build Xinjiang into the Core Area of Silk Road Economic Belt), The Institute of Economic Research of XinJiang Development and Reform, January 26. http://xjyj.xjdrc.gov.cn/info/1030/3890.htm.
Yau, Joshua and Yeroen van der Leer. 2016. “China’s new silk route The long and winding road”, PwC's Growth Markets Centre, February. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/growth-markets-center/assets/pdf/china-new-silk-route.pdf.
Yeung, Brian. 2015. “One Belt, One Road – Hype or Reality?” Ejinsight, December 25. http://www.ejinsight.com/20151225-one-belt-one-road-hype-or-reality/
Yuan, Xintao(袁新濤). 2014. “’Yidai yilu’ jianshe de guojia zhanlue fenxi” (“一帶一路”建設的國家戰略分析, Analysis of national strategy for B&R construction). Lilun Yuekan (理論月刊, Theory Monthly), (11), 5-9.
Zakir, Shöhret. 2017. “2017 nian zizhi qu zhengfu gongzuo baogao quanwen” (2017年自治區政府工作報告, Full text of the 2017 work report of the government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region), The Government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China (新疆維吾爾自治區人民政府), January 15. http://www.xinjiang.gov.cn/2017/01/15/124071.html.
Zeng, Wei (曾偉) and Wang Jiquan (王吉全). 2015. ”Xi Jinping: Yidai yilu fei kongdong kouhao jiang dailai shizai liyi” (習近平：“一帶一路”非空洞口號 將帶來實在利益. Xi Jinping: B&R is not an empty slogan. It will bring practical benefits”), Renminwang (People’s Net), March 28. http://politics.people.com.cn/BIG5/n/2015/0328/c1001-26764213.html.
Zhang, Shengling (張生玲), Wei Xiaobo (魏曉博), and Zhang Jingjie (張晶傑). 2015. “’Yidai yilu’ zhanlue xia zhongguo nengyuan maoyi yu hezuo zhanwang” (“一帶一路”戰略下中國能源貿易與合作展望,The vision of cooperation and Chinese trade on energy under B&R strategy). GuojiMaoyi (國際貿易, Intertrade) (8) : 11-14
Zhang, Junhua. 2016. “What’s driving China’s One Belt, One Road initiative?” East Asia Forum, September 2. http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2016/09/02/whats-driving-chinas-one-belt-one-road-initiative/.
Zhong, Ning (鍾寧). 2016. “Zhongguo shiyou duiwai yicundu shoudu chaoyue 60%” (中國石油對外依存度 首度超越60％, Chinese reliance on oil import exceeds 60% for the first time), China Times, January 27. http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20160127000086-260203.
Zhu, Zhiqun. 2015. “China’s AIIB and B&R: Ambitions and Challenges,” THE DIPLOMAT, October 9. http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/chinas-aiib-and-B&R-ambitions-and-challenges/.
”Dongmeng guojia dui yidai yilu shenshen guanwang” (東盟國家對一帶一路審慎觀望, ASEAN countries are reserved about B&R), China Review News (中國評論新聞網), last modified April 16, 2015. http://hk.crntt.com/doc/1037/1/1/8/103711886.html?coluid=50&kindid=1076&docid=103711886.
"The Potential of One Belt, One Road." Global Capital, last modified November 30, 2015. http://www.globalcapital.com/article/vf5bsfykt1tj/the-potential-of-one-belt-one-road.
"Xi Jinping zai nazhaerbayefu de yanjiang” (習近平在納札爾巴耶夫大學的演講（全文）, Full text of Xi Jinping’s speech at Nazarbayev University). Xinhua Net, September 8. 2013. http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2013-09/08/c_117273079.htm.
"Xi Jinping zai yinni guohui fabiao yan shuo: xishou jianshe zhongguo-dongmeng mingyun gongtongti” (習近平在印尼國會發表演說：攜手建設中國－東協命運共同體, Xi Jinping gave a speech at the Indonesian Parliament: Join hands to build a “China-ASEAN” community of common destiny). Xinhua Net (新華網), Last modified October 13, 2013. http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2013-10/03/c_117591652.htm.
"Xi Jinping: jiakuai shishi ziyou maoyiqu zhanlue jiakuai goujian kaifang xing jingji xin tizhi” (習近平：加快實施自由貿易區戰略 加快構建開放型經濟新體制, Xi Jinping: Facilitate the implementation of FTR strategy and the construction of an open economic new system). Xinhua News, last modified December 6, 2014. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2014-12/06/c_1113546075.htm.
“2015 nian xinjiang GDP zengzhang 8.8% jingji yunxing chuyu heli qujian” (2015年新疆GDP增長8.8% 經濟運行處於合理區間, The GDP growth rate of Xinjiang amounts to 8.8% in 2015 The economy is under reasonable development), Fenghuang Zixun (鳳凰資訊) Last modified February 1, 2016. http://news.ifeng.com/a/20160201/47322815_0.shtml.
“Fujian sheng 2015 nian jieshou qiao gang ao tongbao juankuan 8.66 yi yuan” (福建省2015年接受僑港澳同胞捐款8.66億元, Fujian province received 866 million of donation from Hong Kong and Macao’s overseas Chinese in 2015) Overseas Chinese Web of China (中國僑網), February 25, 2016. http://www.chinaqw.com/gqqj/2016/02-25/80743.shtml (accessed April 25, 2017).
“Gunagxi canyu jianshe sichou zi lu jingji dai he 21 shiji haishang sichou zhi lu shishi fangan” (廣西參與建設絲綢之路經濟帶和21世紀海上絲綢之路實施方案, Guangxi's Implementation Plan for Participating in the Building of the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road). HKTDC Research, http://china-trade-research.hktdc.com/business-news/article/%E4%B8%80%E5%B8%B6%E4%B8%80%E8%B7%AF/%E5%BB%A3%E8%A5%BF%E5%8F%83%E8%88%87%E5%BB%BA%E8%A8%AD%E7%B5%B2%E7%B6%A2%E4%B9%8B%E8%B7%AF%E7%B6%93%E6%BF%9F%E5%B8%B6%E5%92%8C21%E4%B8%96%E7%B4%80%E6%B5%B7%E4%B8%8A%E7%B5%B2%E7%B6%A2%E4%B9%8B%E8%B7%AF%E5%AF%A6%E6%96%BD%E6%96%B9%E6%A1%88/B&R/tc/1/1X000000/1X0A5BEP.htm (accessed May 25, 2017.).
“Liu Jianxin: ba Xinjiang jianshe chengwei guojia zhongyao de nengyuan jidi” (劉建新：把新疆建設成為國家重要的能源基地, Building Xinjiang into an important energy base for the country). Xinlang chengshi (Sina city), last modified August 31, 2015. http://city.sina.com.cn/city/t/2015-08-31/164552243.html.
“Nengyuan touzi shi tuijin yidai yilu jianshe de zhong zhong zhi zhong” (能源投資是推進“一帶一路”建設的重中之重, Investment in energy resources is the most important pillar in advancing B&R). Nengyuan Xinwen (能源新聞), February 23, 2016. http://www.in-en.com/article/html/energy-2244740.shtml (accessed May 25, 2017).
“The New Silk Road “One Belt, One Road” (continued series on China),” TEXTILE FUTURE, https://www.textile-future.com/textile-manufacturing.php?read_article=3534 (accessed May 25, 2017).
“Toushi Xi Jinping waijiao linian: qinchenghuirong dazao mingyun gongtongti” (透視習近平外交理念：親誠惠容打造命運共同體, Insights into the diplomatic idea of Xi Jinping: building a community of shared destiny with amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness). Zhongguo Xinwenwang (中國新聞網), last modified October 10, 2014. http://www.chinanews.com/gn/2014/10-10/6660509.shtml.
“Xinjiang: A Core Component of Belt and Road,” The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC), last modified February 26, 2016. http://economists-pick-research.hktdc.com/business-news/article/Research-Articles/Xinjiang-A-Core-Component-of-Belt-and-Road/rp/en/1/1X000000/1X0A5D5S.htm.
“Yidai yilu jianshe dashiji” (一帶一路建設大事紀, Calendar Events of the building of B&R), Ministry of Commerce People’s Republic of China. http://history.mofcom.gov.cn/?special=9ydyldsj (accessed May 25, 2017).
“Yidai yilu juti fangan chulu zhongguo si da quyu quanmian kaifang” (“一帶一路”具體方案出爐 中國四大區域全面開放, Concrete measures of B&R is published - Four main areas of China fully open up), Xinhua Net, last modified March 29, 2015. http://news.xinhuanet.com/fortune/2015-03/29/c_127633221.htm
“Yidai yilu wenjian fabu quanwen jiedu: fugai quanqiu 64% de renkou” (“一帶一路”文件發佈 全文解讀：覆蓋全球64%的人口, Document of B&R issued Interpretation of the full text: covering 64% of worldwide population). Guanchazhe (觀察者). Last modified March 31, 2015. http://www.guancha.cn/broken-news/2015_03_31_314339.shtml.
“Yidai yilu: kaifang, hezuo yu gongying” (“一帶一路”：開放、合作與共贏, B&R: openness, cooperation, and win-win situation), Xinhua Net, last modified May 22, 2015. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/201