Researchers have used the ultimatum game to investigate how people make social decisions (Güth et al., 1982) by exploring the interactions between proposers and responders. In each trial, the proposer decides the ratio of the offer (how to split the amount of money), and then the responder either accepts or rejects the offer. If the responder accepts the offer, then both the proposer and the responder receive the proposed monetary amount. However, if the responder rejects the offer, then both the proposer and the responder receive nothing. According to the standard economic theory of self-interest, the proposer would offer the lowest amount possible and the recipient would accept any offer that is greater than zero (Rubenstein 1982).
2016創新研究國際學術研討會: 以人為本的在地創新之跨領域與跨界的對話 2016 International conference on innovation studies- human-centered indigenous innovation: trans-disciplinary dialogue 會議日期:2016.11.12-13