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    題名: 台灣、日本及南韓青年失業 之比較分析
    Youth unemployment in Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea
    作者: 韓彬銳
    貢獻者: 魏玫娟
    韓彬銳
    關鍵詞: 青年失業
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-03-01 17:37:43 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 青年失業率在求學到就業的轉變歷程對於個人發展、社會、經濟以及教育體系的瞭解是相當重要的議題。此議題在北美以及歐洲受到高度關注,但此議題在當今的東亞研究卻相對較少。有鑒於出生率急遽衰退、青年失業率高漲以及不完整的求學到就業的轉變歷程所導致的負面社會結果,此議題的相關分析與研究在東亞更顯得重要。此本文著重在探討台灣、日本、南韓青年失業率以及求學到就業的轉變歷程這樣一個公眾議題。此外,本文分析政策制定者是如何回應此議題,以及之間的公開討論與辯論。

    本文採用質性研究法以求對此議題能夠有更充分的討論與更適切的解決方法。除了內容分析之外,本文也檢視東亞社會調查的結果,尤其是在與社會資本以及青年失業率的議題上。根據東亞社會調查的研究結果發現,對台灣、日本、南韓求學到就業的轉變歷程的挑戰為密集的考試文化、青年族群缺少社會資本、實際經驗與機會的缺乏,以及在教育體制中對學習的過度強調。有鑒於此,本文建議政策制定者應考慮除了考試成績外,其他的替代評量方式並進一步檢視造成決定青年族群的求學未來以及增進青年取得社會資本以及工作經驗。
    Youth unemployment in the context of the school-to-work transition is an important issue to understand given its implications for individual development, society, the economy, and the education system. While this topic has received strong attention in the North America and Europe, less research on the topic in East Asia exists. Given the sharp fall in fertility rates, rising youth unemployment, and the adverse social consequences of incomplete school-to-work transitions in East Asia, there is a need for greater analysis on the topic. This thesis sets out to investigate the context in which youth unemployment and the school-to-work transition emerged as a publicly concerned issue in Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea. Moreover, this thesis seeks to analyze the discourses that have been put forth in public discussions and deliberations and consequently how policymakers have responded.

    A qualitative method is used to provide a holistic understanding of the issue and generate more suitable solutions. In addition to analyzing the discourse, the thesis examines the results of the East Asia Social Survey (EASS), particularly the relevance of social capital to youth unemployment. Based on the findings in the discourse and the EASS data, it is found that the challenges to the school-to-work transition in Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea are the intense exam culture, youth’s lack of social capital, a deficit of practical experience opportunities, and the strong emphasis on rote learning in the education systems. It is thus recommended that policymakers consider alternative measurements to exam results in determining the academic future of young people as well as increasing their opportunities to gain social capital and work experience.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程 (IMPIS)
    103862005
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103862005
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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