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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/106431
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/106431


    Title: 年輕乳癌患者的人我處境與未來感: 心理經驗轉化現象探討
    Exploring the transformative felt experiences of interpersonal situatedness and future temporality of young breast cancer patients: The phenomenological psychology approach
    Authors: 楊子慧
    Yang, Tzu Hui
    Contributors: 林耀盛
    Lin, Yaw Sheng
    楊子慧
    Yang, Tzu Hui
    Keywords: 乳癌
    創傷後成長
    現象學心理學
    breast cancer
    posttraumatic growth
    phenomenological psychology
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-02-08 16:40:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 目的:本研究探討乳癌患者從受苦到經驗正向改變的轉化,以王韋婷(2014)研究為基礎進行探討。該研究於術後一日、三個月、六個月與一年,追蹤測量乳癌患者的創傷後成長(PTG),並依量表分數變化將參與者分為四種軌跡發展組別,分別為高穩定組、中間組、上升組與下降組。本研究以訪談方式進行後續追蹤。
    方法:研究採取雙盲設計,抽取王韋婷(2014)研究參與者樣本,共有五位參與者,平均罹癌年齡35.6歲,接受單次訪談。資料分析以現象學心理學方法進行,並對應其受創傷成長發展軌跡組別(分別為高穩定組三位、中間組兩位),進行討論。
    結果與討論:研究結果發現,參與者的主題置身結構包括:「癌症療程是溢出常態的受苦經驗」、「受苦經驗中的照顧倫理行動」、「反求諸己的受苦意涵」、「在世牽掛的流變」,並由此帶出「生活是日常與非日常的背景-前景辯證歷程」。本研究顯示PTG高穩定組的參與者,從焦慮過渡到操煩,朝向生活世界的歷程,是打開此在與生活世界、社會的交往。PTG中間組的兩位參與者,試圖領會身體限制的存在意義,仍在尋求身體的安居。只有身體的返家意識,在安居中獲得熟悉感,才能夠出發朝向世界,因此在未來的時間流變中,仍有持續邁向成長的可能性。
    結論:PTG高維持組受訪者以釋放控制,帶出了「朝死而生」的本真活動,是「在己生命」開展了生活世界。PTG中間組以固守控制,將現今未能解除的困境寄望未來,是他人束縛下求全的「為己生命」。最後,提出研究限制與未來研究建議。
    Objectives: The study aims to explore how the young breast cancer survivors perceived psychological growth since operation treatment, focusing on their transformative experiences of interpersonal situatedness and sense of future temporality.
    Methods: Based on the dissertation by Wang (2014), the participants are recruited from Wang’s research the subjects were divided into four groups (stable high, middle stable, low increasing, and sharp decreasing) by the patterns of their posttraumatic growth(PTG) scores assessed at 1day, 3, 6, 12 months after surgery. There are five participants whose mean age 35.6 at diagnosis were interviewed and data transcribed, and analyzed by phenomenological psychology approach.
    Results: Four themes emerged from the data analysis, including: (1) Enduring suffering out of daily order under cancer treatment. (2) Ethical act to care for suffering experiencing. (3) Meaning transformation of the suffering. (4) Different solicitude modes of being-in-the-world. Participants belonging to stable high group turn their state of mind from anxiety (Angst) into care (Sorge), facing the life situation and engage in life world. Participants belonging to middle stable group try to realize existential meaning and the sense of uncanny body, seeking for the dwelling of the habitual body. The ill life is an unhomelike being-in-the-world in which the lived body, the central vehicle of this being-in of Da-sein, takes on alien and uncanny qualities. Health, in contrast to this frustrating unhomelikeness, is a homelike being-in-the-world in which the lived body in most cases has a transparent quality as the point of access to the world in understanding activities.
    Conclusion: Participants belonging to stable high group carry on limited lifetime and take authentic mode of being toward death, illustrating ‘being-in-itself’, and the experience of illness underlines our homeless predicament, but it can also serve as a springboard to addressing and living with existential uncertainty in a more authentic way. Participants belonging to middle stable group hold on limited lifetime and take future temporality as a hope to leave the predicament, illustrating ‘being-for-itself’, and it projects the possibilities of the future, on the basis of the care pattern of meaning constituting its past, as a means of constructing its present. In Heidegger’s words, ‘‘The totality of being of Dasein as care means: ahead-of-itself-already-being-in (a world) as being-together-with beings encountered in the world”. The outcome implication and further research agenda are discussed.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    102752017
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102752017
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

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