English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88613/118155 (75%)
Visitors : 23494032      Online Users : 21
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/101969


    Title: 阿拉伯語的規則複數
    Other Titles: Regular Plural Noun in Arabic Language;جموع التصحيح في العربية
    Authors: 曾家齊
    Ghazi, Khader Al-Zanahreh
    Keywords: 複數;陽性規則複數;陰性規則複數;破碎複數;複數詞型
    plurality;regular plural noun;irregular plural noun;types of plural noun;جمع التصحيح;جمع التكسير;التاء المربوطة;اسم الجمع;اسم الجنس الجمعي;الإف ا ردي اسم الجنس
    Date: 2015-12
    Issue Date: 2016-09-10 15:48:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 根據歷代阿拉伯語言學者對阿拉伯名詞規則複數與破碎複數的定義顯示,規則陽性複數以增加後綴詞ūna、īna,規則陰性複數以增加āt 來表達,刪除這些後綴詞便可恢復其單數型態,其意義亦由複數還原成單數。破碎複數則會產生型態內部的改變,譬如以增加或刪除名詞的元音或輔音等方式呈現,而非如規則複數一樣單純的增加後綴詞。 除了規則複數與破碎複數之外,還有一些不列入此二者,卻表複數意義的ism al-jam‘、ism al-jins、jam‘ al-jam‘等。有些複數名詞雖被列為ism al-jam‘,卻合乎破碎複數的定義,譬如rakb,其單數是rākib;有些被列為破碎複數,卻無單數型態,譬如abābīl…。凡此都顯示語法學者對複數的分類有必要再審視。 本論文提出第三類應被列為規則複數的型態,這些名詞的數量龐大,卻始終被語法學者所忽視,那便是以增加陰性符號tā’來表達複數,刪除此符號便恢復其單數的型態和意義者,譬如sayyāf 和sayyāfat, qannāṣ 和 qannāṣat, nāshi’ 和nāshi’at。這種複數經常是代表族群、黨派、世系、職業…等意義,譬如以fa‘‘āl詞型或主動名詞詞型出現的名詞。根據古今阿拉伯學者對名詞複數意義與型態的界定,這類以增加後綴詞tā’來表達複數意義的名詞,理應被列為除了陽性、陰性規則複數之外的第三類規則複數。
    This paper deals with types and meanings of plurals in Arabic language. Some plurals are different from others in terms of expression. In general, plural nouns can be divided into two types: regular and irregular. However, there are also rules for the later one which can be categorized as another form. As mentioned above, some nouns are not categorized as plural types, though their meanings are plural. Some linguists address them as plural without specifying the type, whereas others consider them as wrong expression. I have researched both ancient and modern Arabic materials and found that these nouns do not exist in any type of plurality. Neither do they belong to Ism al-jins, jam‘ al-jam‘ nor Ism al-jam‘. In my opinion, just like the regular masculine using the suffix “ūna”, and the feminine using the suffix “āt”, these nouns possess plural meaning with the suffix “t”. Examples are as followed: sayyāf and sayyāfat, qannāṣ and qannāṣat, nāshi’ and nāshi’at…etc. Therefore, I believe that these nouns can be seen as a special type of regular plural noun.
    Relation: 外國語文研究, 23, 1-26
    Foreign language studies
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[外國語文研究 ] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    23(1-26).pdf342KbAdobe PDF425View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback