East and West : cultural exchanges in publications
|作者: ||岡本 さえ|
|上傳時間: ||2016-08-30 16:13:04 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||論文以使用漢文拉丁文兩國語言在十七世紀的廣東印刷而成的『平反冤案』(東京財團法人東洋文庫所収藏）一書爲起點。此書中提到許多關於東西方的文化交流。此外, 漢字與羅馬字母並用冩而成的資料也在傳教士的「出生地」－葡萄牙、西班牙、法國的圖書館中大量被保存著。再者, 在作爲漢文書籍「出版處」－中國所印刷的這些 含羅馬字母的出版物並不僅見而且有不少被保存在日本的圖書館中。 在此可下結論, 凡此内容有明顯提到東西交流的書, 不論其作者是出生於東方還是西方, 我們可以斷定這些書都是在亞洲所完成的, 特別是在東亞漢字文化圏中。其中最大的理由是：在漢字文化圏中比較容易以木版印刷印出羅馬字母, 然而, 在西歐, 漢字的印刷是極其困難的。|
This paper begins with the introduction of a book <Innocence gains a victory> which was written in two languages － Kanji and Latin. GuangDung printed and published it in the seventeenth century (it is now part of the collection of Toyo Bunko, an incorporated foundation in Tokyo). The paper develops a detailed investigation focusing on the books which display remarkable Eastern and Western cultural exchanges. A large quantity of the texts written both in Kanji and the Roman alphabet are mostly kept in National Libraries all around Portugal, Spain and France where the missionaries were born. However, the actual printing was the work of Asian printers. The Kanji books were printed in China, the place of publication. Kanji books which contain plural languages including the Roman alphabet are not very rare. For instance, a quantity of these books are in fact kept in the classical Chinese collections of libraries in Japan. In conclusion, it is certain that most books that show in book form Eastern and Western cooperation were completed in Asia, especially within the cultural circle of East Asian Kanji, whether the author was born in the East or the West. The major reason is that it was fairly easy to print the Roman alphabet using wooden printing methods within the Kanji cultural circle. By contrast, it was extremely difficult to print the Kanji alphabet in Western Europe.
Chengchi journal of Japanese studies